- Poster presentation
- Open Access
A phenotypic shift after initiation of IL-1 receptor blockade in a boy with systemic juvenile arthritis
© Scott et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008
- Published: 15 September 2008
- Body Composition
- Compression Fracture
- Severe Osteoporosis
A boy with systemic juvenile arthritis (sJIA) for 7 years, treated with prednisone 1 mg/kg/day, NSAIDS, Methotrexate and TNF-α antagonism, presented at age 15 with severe incapacitating back pain.
Clinically, a cachectic and stunted boy, weight and height SD scores were -5,05 and -3,65 respectively. He had fever, anaemia, splenomegaly and polyartrhitis. There was complete immobility and severe pain of his lumbar spine. X-rays revealed compression fractures of all lumbar vertebrae. Bone mass densitometry confirmed severe osteoporosis (Z-score -4.5 SD). ESR: 33, Hb: 7.4 g/dl, CRP 112 mg/dl.
IL-1 receptor antagonism resulted in a rapid major improvement. Within a few weeks, there was no fever, no arthritis, no splenomegaly, with normal CRP, ESR and Haemoglobin.
Body composition changed dramatically; weight increasing by 10 kg (SDS -2,9) and body fat fraction (DEXA) from 17% to 35%, despite weaning steroids from 1 to 0,3 mg/kg/day. Bone Z-score improved to -3,3 SD.
The present case illustrates the striking effectiveness of Il-1 receptor antagonism in a patient with severe refractory sJIA, and steroid dependency (with devastating side effects, esp on bone mineralization). IL1-ra has been associated with obesity in adults [1, 2]. IL1 receptor antagonism was associated with an important change of body composition in this patient. It remains to be clarified how the interplay between inflammation, Il-1 blockade and corticosteroid therapy impacts on body composition and fat metabolism.
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