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  1. Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome is generally regarded as the most common autoinflammatory disease, but the epidemiology of the disease is largely unknown...

    Authors: Karin Rydenman, Hanna Fjeld, Josefine Hätting, Stefan Berg, Anders Fasth and Per Wekell
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:82
  2. Limited joint mobility (LJM), previously known as cheiroarthropathy, refers to the presence of reduced extension at the finger joints in people with diabetes and may be associated with scleroderma-like syndrom...

    Authors: Greta Mastrangelo, Alessandra Meneghel, Giorgia Martini, Carlo Moretti and Francesco Zulian
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:81
  3. Although a satisfactory disease control is nowadays achievable in most patients with JIA, a substantial proportion of them still do not respond adequately or reach long-term drug-free remission. According to c...

    Authors: Marco Burrone, Marta Mazzoni, Roberta Naddei, Angela Pistorio, Maddalena Spelta, Silvia Scala, Elisa Patrone, Marco Garrone, Maria Lombardi, Luca Villa, Giulia Pascale, Roberto Cavanna, Nicolino Ruperto, Angelo Ravelli and Alessandro Consolaro
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:80
  4. Sjögren disease in children and adolescents (pedSD) presents differently than adult disease. Diagnosis and classification are controversial, optimal treatment is unknown and outcomes are poorly understood. Her...

    Authors: Rachel L. Randell, Sara M. Stern, Heather Van Mater, Laura E. Schanberg, Scott M. Lieberman and Matthew L. Basiaga
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:79
  5. A20 haploinsufficiency (HA20) is a newly introduced autosomal dominant autoinflammatory disorder, also known as Behcet’s-like disease. Some of the most common symptoms of the disease are recurrent oral, genita...

    Authors: Nahid Aslani, Kosar Asnaashari, Nima Parvaneh, Mohammad Shahrooei, Maryam Sotoudeh-Anvari, Farhad Shahram and Vahid Ziaee
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:78
  6. Peripheral gangrene is rarely documented as a possible complication of Kawasaki disease (KD). There are many causes of peripheral gangrene, and the common cause is in situ thrombosis or embolism. Most cases ar...

    Authors: Nanjun Zhang, Li Yu, Zhongxian Xiong, Yimin Hua, Hongyu Duan, Lina Qiao, Kaiyu Zhou and Chuan Wang
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:77
  7. Authors: Kentaro Nishi, Masao Ogura, Naotaka Tamai, Masafumi Gima, Kentaro Ide, Goro Koinuma, Koichi Kamei and Shuichi Ito
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:76

    The original article was published in Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:60

  8. Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is a febrile syndrome that is observed in the pediatric population following severe acute respiratory syndrome 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Vaccines have prev...

    Authors: Andy Liu, Alexa Love, Sophie Katz, Anna Patrick, David Parra, Natasha Halasa and Michael R. Miller
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:74
  9. Kinesiophobia may hinder physical performance measures and functional quality of life in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). This study aims to quantify differences in physical function in patie...

    Authors: Leandra U. Woolnough, Logan Lentini, Sharareh Sharififar, Cong Chen and Heather K. Vincent
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:73
  10. During childhood, the most common periodic fever is periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome. The effective treatment and prevention of febrile attacks improve t...

    Authors: Seyed Reza Raeeskarami, Payman Sadeghi, Mahdieh Vahedi, Kosar Asna Ashari, Mahdieh Mousavi T. and Vahid Ziaee
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:72
  11. Pulmonary complications of rheumatic diseases may cause functional impairment and increase mortality. However, reports regarding detection of lung involvement in children with treatment-naive, newly diagnosed ...

    Authors: Hua Huang, Yabin Hu, Yufen Wu, Fei Ding, Xuemei Xu, Yingying Jin, Yanliang Jin and Yixiao Bao
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:71
  12. Non-criteria antiphospholipid antibodies (NC-aPL) are a relatively undefined subgroup of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). Knowledge about NC-aPL in adults is limited and even less is known in pediatric patie...

    Authors: Shawn A. Mahmud, Danielle R. Bullock, Colleen K. Correll, Patricia M. Hobday, Mona M. Riskalla, Richard K. Vehe and Bryce A. Binstadt
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:70
  13. For children with the multisystem inflammatory syndrome(MIS-C), intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) with or without methylprednisolone are the most effective treatment. In this study, IVIG combined with methylp...

    Authors: İlker Devrim, Elif Böncüoğlu, Elif Kıymet, Şahika Şahinkaya, Miray Yılmaz Çelebi, Ela Cem, Mine Düzgöl, Kamile Ötiken Arıkan, Aybüke Akaslan Kara, Dorukhan Besin, Gamze Vuran, Pınar Seven, Timur Meşe, Hasan Ağın and Nuri Bayram
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:69
  14. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is rarely diagnosed before 5-years-old. Those with disease onset at a very young age are predicted by a higher genetic risk and a more severe phenotype. We performed whole-ex...

    Authors: Wan-Fang Lee, Wen-Lang Fan, Min-Hua Tseng, Huang-Yu Yang, Jing-Long Huang and Chao-Yi Wu
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:68
  15. Biological treatment and treat-to-target approaches guide the achievement of inactive disease and clinical remission in Autoinflammatory Diseases (AID). However, there is limited evidence addressing optimal ta...

    Authors: Tatjana Welzel, Lea Oefelein, Marinka Twilt, Marc Pfister, Jasmin B. Kuemmerle-Deschner and Susanne M. Benseler
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:67
  16. Unlike in adult rheumatology, for most forms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) no reliable biomarkers currently exist to assess joint and disease activity. However, electrophoresis is frequently found cha...

    Authors: Ludwig Zeller, Pascal N. Tyrrell, Stella Wang, Nadine Fischer, Johannes-Peter Haas and Boris Hügle
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:66
  17. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is a rare form of vasculitis in children. SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19 infection, seems to trigger autoimmunity and new-onse...

    Authors: Maria C. Bryant, L. Terry Spencer and Ali Yalcindag
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:65
  18. Data about safety and efficacy of the mRNA SARS-CoV-2 vaccine in adolescents with rheumatic diseases (RD) is scarce and whether these patients generate a sufficient immune response to the vaccine remains an ou...

    Authors: Clara Udaondo, Carmen Cámara, Laura Miguel Berenguel, Rosa Alcobendas Rueda, Celia Muñoz Gómez, Claudia Millán Longo, Blanca Díaz – Delgado, Iker Falces-Romero, Mariana Díaz Almirón, Jordi Ochando, Ana Méndez – Echevarría, Agustín Remesal Camba and Cristina Calvo
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:64
  19. Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) is a childhood-rheumatic disease with pain as a major early complaint, and in 10–17% pain remains a major symptom. Very few data exist on sensory threshold changes at the kn...

    Authors: Maarten O. Mensink, Niels Eijkelkamp, Dieuwke S. Veldhuijzen and Nico M. Wulffraat
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:63
  20. Rapidly progressive (RP) interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a life-threatening complication of juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM); however, it is generally refractory to treatment; to the best of our knowledge, no...

    Authors: Kentaro Nishi, Masao Ogura, Naotaka Tamai, Masafumi Gima, Kentaro Ide, Goro Koinuma, Koichi Kamei and Shuichi Ito
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:60

    The Correction to this article has been published in Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:76

  21. To report a case of bilateral anterior intermediate uveitis after recovery from SARS-CoV-2 associated multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C).

    Authors: Jessica Shantha, Amit K. Reddy, Amol Sura, Adrian Tsang, Kareem Moussa, Nisha Acharya, John Gonzales and Thuy Doan
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:59
  22. Acro-osteolysis (AO) refers to resorption of the distal finger and toe phalanges. It displays two patterns: (i) diffuse AO and (ii) transverse or bandlike AO. AO can be a sign of local distress (e.g. of toxic ...

    Authors: Stéphane Echaubard, Céline Pebrel-Richard, Aurélie Chausset, Jean-Louis Kemeny, Etienne Merlin and Fanny Laffargue
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:58
  23. 1) To delineate latent classes of treatment response to biologics in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients in the first 16 weeks after initiation. 2) To identify predictors of early disease response.

    Authors: Lily Siok Hoon Lim, Shamsia Shobhan, Armend Lokku, Sarah Ringold and Eleanor Pullenayegum
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:57
  24. Mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD) is a rare autoinflammatory syndrome. Several reports have described allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in severely affected patients, sometimes with promising...

    Authors: Jerold Jeyaratnam, Maura Faraci, Andrew R. Gennery, Katarzyna Drabko, Mattia Algeri, Akira Morimoto, Tiarlan Sirait, Arjan C. Lankester, Michael Albert, Benedicte Neven and Joost Frenkel
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:56
  25. Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SJIA) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease in children. Overproduction of inflammatory cytokines in SJIA resembles that in adult onset Still disease. Chronic infla...

    Authors: Papatsorn Suppasit, Soamarat Vilaiyuk, Preamrudee Poomthavorn, Sarunyu Pongratanakul, Patcharin Khlairit and Pat Mahachoklertwattana
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:55
  26. SLE is an autoimmune multisystem disease. Glucocorticoid is an irreplaceable medication for SLE. Glucocorticoid and inflammatory mediators impact bone remodeling by OPG/RANKL/RANK signal system, which could le...

    Authors: Sheng Hao, Jing Zhang, Bingxue Huang, Dan Feng, Xiaoling Niu and Wenyan Huang
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:54
  27. This study aims to investigate whether the neurometabolites of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) were distinct in patients with active and inactive juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) using the proton magnet...

    Authors: Haiwei Han, Ji Hong Xiao, Yifei Weng, Hongyan Liang, Chengkun Han, Cuili Yi, Kezhao Lin and Hua Wu
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:53
  28. Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) is the most common rheumatic inflammatory disease in childhood. Optimal management requires clinicians to be up to date with the rapidly evolving evidence base. ‘Living’ evi...

    Authors: Georgina Tiller, William D. Renton, Joachim Tan, Samuel Whittle, Jodie Avery, Jane Munro and Rachelle Buchbinder
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:52
  29. This study investigates the relationship of child, caregiver, and caring context measurements with the care-related quality of life (CRQoL) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of caregivers of children ...

    Authors: Luiza R. Grazziotin, Gillian Currie, Marinka Twilt, Maarten J. IJzerman, Michelle M. A. Kip, Hendrik Koffijberg, Gouke Bonsel, Susanne M. Benseler, Joost F. Swart, Sebastiaan J. Vastert, Nico M. Wulffraat, Rae S. M. Yeung, Wineke Armbrust, J. Merlijn van den Berg and Deborah A. Marshall
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:51
  30. To report baseline characteristics, patient reported outcomes and treatment of children with Juvenile Dermatomyositis (JDM) in the Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) Registry.

    Authors: Jessica Neely, Kaveh Ardalan, Adam Huber and Susan Kim
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:50
  31. We report a three-year-old girl with a potentially unique phenotype of perinatal onset and neurovascular features who was found to have PAMI syndrome. We also compare her case to those previously reported and ...

    Authors: Bethany Gillies Whiteside, Hannah Titheradge and Eslam Al-Abadi
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:49
  32. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is characterised by recurring episodes of acute inflammation, with joint swelling in one or more joints, often accompanied by pain. These episodes can now be controlled better tha...

    Authors: Svanhildur Arna Oskarsdottir, Audur Kristjansdottir, Judith Amalia Gudmundsdottir, Solrun W. Kamban, Zinajda Alomerovic Licina, Drifa Bjork Gudmundsdottir and Bjorg Gudjonsdottir
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:48
  33. It is common knowledge among clinicians who treat PFAPA (Periodic Fever, Aphthous Stomatitis, Pharyngitis, Adenitis) patients that emotional stress can trigger PFAPA attacks similarly to other autoinflammatory...

    Authors: Yoel Levinsky, Yonatan Butbul Aviel, Sabreen Abu Ahmad, Mor Broide, Yulia Gendler, Neta Dagan, Michal Gafner, Hadar Gavra, Shelly Kagan, Kfir Kedar, Hamada Mohammad Natour, Rotem Tal, Tamar Veres, Gil Amarilyo and Liora Harel
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:46
  34. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common chronic rheumatic disease of childhood. The term JIA encompasses a heterogenous group of diseases. The variability in phenotype of patients affected by the dise...

    Authors: Laura Furness, Phil Riley, Neville Wright, Siddharth Banka, Stephen Eyre, Adam Jackson and Tracy A. Briggs
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:44
  35. A significant proportion of children and young people with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) do not achieve inactive disease during the first two years following diagnosis. Refinements to clinical care pathw...

    Authors: Flora McErlane, Chris Anderson, Saskia Lawson-Tovey, Barbara Lee, Chris Lee, Laura Lunt, Janet E. McDonagh, Andrew D. Smith, Nicola Smith and Gavin Cleary
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:43
  36. The aim of this study was to analyze the usefulness of myeloid-related protein 8/14 (MRP8/14) in the prediction of disease course in a real-world setting for patients with new-onset juvenile idiopathic arthrit...

    Authors: Paula L. Keskitalo, Salla M. Kangas, Sirja Sard, Tytti Pokka, Virpi Glumoff, Petri Kulmala and Paula Vähäsalo
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:42
  37. To evaluate clinical characteristics, imaging findings, therapeutic approach and outcome of paediatric patients with Chronic Non-Bacterial Osteomyelitis (CNO).

    Authors: Sara Kaut, Ine Van den Wyngaert, Davy Christiaens, Carine Wouters, Nathalie Noppe, Nele Herregods, Joke Dehoorne and Lien De Somer
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:41
  38. Immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy (IMNM) is a subgroup of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies manifesting with progressive weakness, elevated serum creatine kinase (CK) levels, and necrotizing myopathic feat...

    Authors: Aphirak Mekmangkonthong, Jakkrit Amornvit, Numphung Numkarunarunrote, Montida Veeravigrom and Parichat Khaosut
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:40
  39. The psychosocial burden of having a chronic disease can be substantial for adolescents with childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE). Current literature is scarce on interventions that can improve p...

    Authors: Cristina Saez, Lorien Nassi, Tracey Wright, Una E. Makris, Justin Kramer, Bonnie L. Bermas, E. Blair Solow and Nicole Bitencourt
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:39
  40. Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autoinflammatory disease that can have conduction disturbances and cardiac rhythm disorders as manifestations of cardiac involvement. The aim of the study is to assess ...

    Authors: Yomna Farag, Shaimaa Sayed, Fatma Alzhraa Mostafa, Huda Marzouk, Raghda H. Mohamed and Rodina Sobhy
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:38
  41. Childhood leukemia with musculoskeletal (MSK) involvement mimics various conditions, which consequently leads to diagnostic delays. The clinical implication of MSK involvement in this disease on survival outco...

    Authors: Sirinthip Kittivisuit, Pornpun Sripornsawan, Natsaruth Songthawee, Shevachut Chavananon, Edward B. McNeil and Thirachit Chotsampancharoen
    Citation: Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:34

    The Publisher Correction to this article has been published in Pediatric Rheumatology 2022 20:37

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