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Isolated eye-lid ptosis as initial manifestation of pediatric Behcet's Disease (BD)

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BD is a chronic, multisystem inflammatory disorder. Neuro-Behçet's disease could be the first sign of the disease, but is infrequently described in childhood [1]. Isolated cranial nerve involvement has been reported [2], but to the best of our knowledge this is the first report of isolated eye-lid ptosis, without reduction of ocular motility, at onset of pediatric BD.

PD is an 11-year-old girl first admitted in our hospital with bilateral eye-lid ptosis and headache. She was in good health until one month before the admission; she presented ptosis of eye-lids which was more evident on the left side, without other pathological findings. The normality of the EEG, cranial and midollar MRI, angio MRI, progstigmine test and laboratory tests excluded brain tumors, demyelinating diseases and miastenia gravis. She improved without therapy. After 4 months she experienced folliculitis of the trunk and wrist arthritis. After 8 months she suffered from oral and vaginal aphtosis. BD was diagnosed on the basis of these clinical signs according to the International Criteria. EEG, cerebral SPECT and an ocular examination were performed with normal results; HLA was B51 positive and this is an indicator of BD. Prednisone therapy was started (1 mg/Kg/day) and symptoms greatly improved within 6 months.

We can hypothesize that a bilateral occlusion of little blood vessels, caused by an inflammatory process provokes a temporary dysfunction of neurons that control each of the eyelid elevator muscles.

In conclusion BD is an important differential diagnosis for the partial oculomotor palsy as present case.

References

  1. 1.

    Kone-Paute I, Chabrol B, Riss JM, Mancini J, Raybaud C, Garnier JM: Neurologic onset of Behçet's disease: a diagnostic enigma in childhood. J Child Neurol. 1997, 12: 237-41.

  2. 2.

    Aydin MD, Aydin N: A neuro-Behçet's lesion in oculomotor nerve nucleus. Acta Neurol Scand. 2003, 108: 139-40. 10.1034/j.1600-0404.2003.00019.x.

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Correspondence to M Alessio.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Alessio, M., Indaco, R., Carlomagno, R. et al. Isolated eye-lid ptosis as initial manifestation of pediatric Behcet's Disease (BD). Pediatr Rheumatol 6, P269 (2008) doi:10.1186/1546-0096-6-S1-P269

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Keywords

  • Demyelinating Disease
  • Folliculitis
  • International Criterion
  • Prednisone Therapy
  • Ocular Examination