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  • Open Access

A comparison of clinical vs ultrasound determined synovitis in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)

  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1 and
  • 1
Pediatric Rheumatology20086 (Suppl 1) :P101

https://doi.org/10.1186/1546-0096-6-S1-P101

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Synovial Fluid
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
  • Synovitis
  • Summing Score

Purpose

Studies in rheumatoid arthritis have shown higher prevalence of subclinical synovitis defined by US in respect to clinical examination. We investigated the relative sensitivity of clinical and sonographic assessment of synovitis in JIA.

Methods

In 34 patients, the clinician (SMM) assessed 52 joints and computed count of joints with swelling, pain/tenderness, restricted motion and active disease (AD). A global articular severity score (GASS) was obtained by grading symptoms in each joint (0–3 scale) and summing scores. Clinical assessments included physician's and parent's global ratings, functional ability and acute phase reactants. The sonographer (OE) scanned independently the same 52 joints for synovial hypertrophy (SI), synovial fluid (SF) and power Doppler (PD), each graded on a 0–3 scale. Agreement and correlations were assessed with Cohen's kappa and Spearman's correlation, respectively (>0.4 = moderate agreement/correlation).

Results

1768 joints were assessed. Knees, wrists, proximal interphalangeal joints and ankles were the most frequently affected joints, either clinically and on US. Table 1 shows kappa values for clinical vs. US assessments:
Table 1

Kappa values for clinical vs. US assessments

 

SI

SF

PD

Swelling

0.41

0.45

0.31

Pain/tenderness

0.29

0.27

0.35

Restricted motion

0.29

0.21

0.33

Disagreement was greater for intertarsal and metatarsophalangeal joints. US scores were moderately correlated with AD and GASS and poorly correlated with other clinical measures.

Conclusion

Swelling was the only clinical feature for which there was agreement with US. US revealed greater sensitivity than clinical examination in detecting synovitis in foot joints. These findings have important implications for application of US in clinical trials and predictive studies.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Dep. Pediatrics, Fondazione Policlinico IRCCS San Matteo, Pavia, Italy
(2)
Pediatria II, IRCCS G. Gaslini, Genova, Italy

Copyright

© Manzoni et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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