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MAGIC- is it for real?
Pediatric Rheumatology volume 13, Article number: P156 (2015)
MAGIC syndrome, an acronym for mouth and genital ulcers with inflammed cartilage, is a rare condition described in 1985 . About 20 cases have been reported , and its existence is challenged, as it could be just a mere association of Bechet's disease (BD) with relapsing polychondritis (RP) . Other authors, however, consider it a distinct entity with higher risk of aortic aneurysms . We tried to find out whether this syndrome is a true nosologic entity.
Three cases have been identified, all diagnosed with MAGIC's syndrome since the first presentation. No other case evolved into MAGIC after an initial diagnosis of RP or BD. Hematological screening was negative in all patients; one had gastrointestinal vasculitis and another one panniculitis. No one in our series had eye or CNS involvement. Aortic aneurysms were absent (as yet) in the 2 patients searched for. Azathioprine, colchicine and corticotherapy were employed effectively in all patients.
RP and BD have overlapping features and may share pathogenetic mechanisms. The same time of onset of the main MAGIC clinical features could favour the classification of the disease as distinct from RP and BD alone. However, in our small and incompletely followed-up series aortic aneurysms were not seen, like in other MAGIC cases reported. An aortic follow-up is nevertheless advisable, as in any RP.
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Damian, L., Velcherean, M., Andrei, M. et al. MAGIC- is it for real?. Pediatr Rheumatol 13, P156 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/1546-0096-13-S1-P156
- Aortic Aneurysm
- Referral Centre
- Rare Condition