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Clinical manifestations of four patients diagnosed with early-onset sarcoidosis or sarcoid-like syndrome
Pediatric Rheumatology volume 12, Article number: P293 (2014)
Sarcoidosis is a rare multisystemic granulomatous disease. Pulmonary involvement is common in adults, but any organ can be affected.
To describe the main features of 4 pediatric patients diagnosed with early-onset sarcoidosis (EOS) or sarcoid-like syndrome.
Medical charts were reviewed.
Four patients wer enrolled, 2 female (cases 1 and 2) and 2 male (cases 3 and 4). Their main characteristics are shown in table 1. The age at disease onset was 1.5, 10, 0.6 and 11 years respectively. The time until diagnosis ranged from 4 days to 8 years. The two cases with EOS (1 and 3) had been previously diagnosed as Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis. Both started at a short age with the classical triad and carried a heterozygous gain-of-function NOD2 mutation. Patient 2 seemed to be a late-onset sarcoidosis but persistent hypogammaglobulinemia and poor antibody production suggested a CVID, despite she did not suffer from recurrent infections. Other granulomatous lung diseases were dismissed in this case. Finally, diagnosis in patient 4 was made according to his clinical manifestations and the slight increase in ACE level.
Diagnosis of sarcoidosis in pediatric patients is often delayed because the disease is not suspected. Pulmonary involvement occurs less frequently in pediatric than in adults patients. This condition requires multidisciplinary management.
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Murias, S., Alcobendas, R., Remesal, A. et al. Clinical manifestations of four patients diagnosed with early-onset sarcoidosis or sarcoid-like syndrome. Pediatr Rheumatol 12, P293 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/1546-0096-12-S1-P293
- Pediatric Patient
- Clinical Manifestation
- Lung Disease
- Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis