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Pathologic motion patterns in patients with progressive pseudorheumatoid arthropathy of childhood

Introduction

Progressive pseudorheumatoid arthropathy of childhood (PPAC) is a specific subtype of spondyloepiphyseal dysplasie (SED) tarda. The skeletal disorder and is characterized by polyarthropathy of large and small joints. Typical signs are prominent epiphysis, progressive joint stiffness, muscle weakness and early fatigue [1]. Optimized physiotherapy is the only effective strategy to slow down the progress of functional disability.

Aim

Quantification of pathologic motion patterns during walking.

Methods

In a retrospective study eight adolescents suffering from PPAC (sex:female=1; male=7; age:14.6y; weight:50.0kg; size:1.42m; BMI:25) were compared with 20 healthy young person (cg) (sex:female=17, male=3; age:17.9y; weight:53.8kg; size:1.59m; BMI:21). 3D-gaitanalysis was performed with infrared cameras and the Plug-in-Gait Model. Analyses focused spatio-temporal and kinematic parameters in the sagittal plane. Mann-Whitney-U-Tests (p<0.05) and correlation calculations (Pearson) between age, body-mass-index (BMI), kinematic and spatio-temporal-parameters were used for statistical analysis.

Results

Patients with PPAC walk very slow (p<0.001) with short step length (p<0.001) and broadened step width (p<0.001). The foot off occurs noticeable late (p<0.001). The kinematic data are highly significant different to the cg in pelvis, hip, knee and ankle. Especially the range of motion (ROM) in the hip, in the knee flexion (loading response) and extension (single support phase) as well as the ankle ROM (plantar flexion while push off) are decreased. Within the PPAC-group high negative correlations appear between BMI and ankle ROM (plantar flexion (push off)) (r=-.860).

Table 1 Selection of kenematic results in pelvis, knee and ankle joint.

Conclusion

The results are determined by very small ROM in the lower limb due to distinctive joint stiffness and muscle weakness. The effects of muscular weakness are intensified by high body weight.

The use of 3D-gaitanalysis is a helpful tool to individualize functional treatment to decelerate the progressive joint destruction in the lower limb.

References

  1. 1.

    Kozlowski K: Australasian Radiology. 1986, 244-250. 30

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Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank the German foundation for children’s rheumatism for supporting this study.

Author information

Correspondence to M Hartmann.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Keywords

  • Muscle Weakness
  • Knee Flexion
  • Plantar Flexion
  • Joint Stiffness
  • Step Width