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Growth retardation in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and growth hormone therapy

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Objective

To identify patient characteristics, that predict the growth retardation and to assess the risk/benefits proportion of growth hormone (GH) treatment in JIA patients.

Methods

Study cohort was presented by 170 JIA patients (47 boys, 123 girls, mean age 12.1, disease duration 5.1 yrs). Annual growth parameters were studied in relation with premorbid and disease related factors. 30 prepubertal patients, having the most significant delay of growing were randomized in 2 groups. 15 patients were received recombinant GH 0,05–0,07 mg/kg within 4–18 months; other 15 patients were as control.

Results

Growth retardation was observed in 40% (height SDS ≤ -2). It was associated with systemic variant (43.3% versus 13.4% in patients with normal height), disease duration (7.9 ± 3.4 vs 6.3 ± 3.1 yrs), ESR levels (47.7 ± 14.8 vs 29.2 ± 14.8), number of active joints, glucocorticosteroid treatment independent of doses. Short stature in family cases (19, 4% vs 2, 3%) and father's height SDS (-0,49 ± 0,1 vs 0,17 ± 0,4) obtained more often in patients with growth retardation. There are no abnormality of GH secretion in JIA patients. A significant response to GH treatment compared with control group was seen in all children. The median height velocity was 3.1 cm per 3 months (4–12.5 cm/1 year). We observed the disease increasing activity in 8/15 patients under GH therapy. Other complications from GH-therapy were not marked.

Conclusion

We conclude that disease activity and genetic factors are the most important reasons of growth retardation in JIA patients. Recombinant GH may be of benefit in severe growth retardation therapy, but can promote disease activity.

Author information

Correspondence to I Nikishina.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Nikishina, I., Shapovalenko, A. Growth retardation in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and growth hormone therapy. Pediatr Rheumatol 6, P50 (2008) doi:10.1186/1546-0096-6-S1-P50

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Keywords

  • Growth Hormone
  • Growth Retardation
  • Disease Duration
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
  • Growth Hormone Secretion