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Periodic Fever accompanied by Aphthous stomatitis, Pharyngitis, and cervical Adenitis syndrome (PFAPA syndrome) in adults

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Background

The syndrome of periodic fever characterized by abrupt onset of fever, malaise, aphthous stomatitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenopathy (PFAPA syndrome) has been described only in pediatric patients. It usually begins before the age of 5 and in most cases resolves spontaneously before the age of 10 years. The aim of this report is to describe a series of adults with PFAPA syndrome.

Methods

A 6 years retrospective descriptive study included all newly diagnosed incident adult cases aged 18 years and over referred to our center with symptomatology suggestive of PFAPA syndrome. Patients' medical records were reviewed for past history of the disease, demographic characteristics, symptoms and signs, course of the disease, laboratory findings and outcome following corticosteroid therapy. The comparison group included our pediatric cohort children (N = 320, age between 0.5 to 18 years) followed-up since 14 years (1994).

Results

Fifteen adult patients were diagnosed with PFAPA syndrome. Episodes of fever occurred at 4.6 ± 1.3-week intervals, beginning at the age of 20.9 ± 7.5 years. All patients had monthly attacks at the peak of the disease, with attacks recurring between 4–8 weeks intervals over the years. Between episodes, all patients were apparently healthy, without any accompanying diseases. Attacks were aborted by a single 60 mg of oral prednisone in all patients.

Conclusion

This study reports the presence of PFAPA syndrome in adult patients. Although rare, an increased awareness by both patients and family physicians of the clinical syndrome has resulted in more frequent diagnosis in adult patients.

Author information

Correspondence to S Padeh.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Padeh, S., Stoffman, N. & Berkun, Y. Periodic Fever accompanied by Aphthous stomatitis, Pharyngitis, and cervical Adenitis syndrome (PFAPA syndrome) in adults. Pediatr Rheumatol 6, P183 (2008) doi:10.1186/1546-0096-6-S1-P183

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Keywords

  • Adult Patient
  • Prednisone
  • Family Physician
  • Pharyngitis
  • Oral Prednisone