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The efficacy and cost effectiveness of a multidisciplinary intervention strategy for the treatment of benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS) in childhood. a randomised, single centre parallel group trial. (The bendy study)

Introduction

Joint hypermobility is common in childhood and can be associated with musculoskeletal pain and dysfunction. Current management is delivered by a multidisciplinary team but evidence of efficacy is limited.

Objectives

This clinical trial aimed to determine whether a structured multidisciplinary intervention resulted in improved clinical outcomes compared with standard care

Methods

A prospective randomised, single centre parallel group trial comparing an 8-week individualised multidisciplinary intervention programme with current standard management (advice and a physiotherapy appointment). Children and young people (CYP) were assessed for pain, function, coordination and strength at baseline, 3 and 12 months.

Results

119 CYP, aged 5 to 16 years, with symptomatic hypermobility were randomised to receive targeted multidisciplinary intervention (I) (n=59) or standard management (S) (n=60). Of these, 105 were followed to 12-months. There was a significant improvement in child and parent reported pain, coordination and strength. However, no added benefit could be shown from the intervention (Table 1). The number of CYP showing significant pain reduction (>=40%) was 27 (50.0%) (I) vs 21 (41.1%) (S). Those pain free at 12 months were 29 (56.9%) (I) vs 20 (45.5%) (S). The response was independent of the degree of hypermobility.

Table 1 Table 1

Conclusion

This is the first RCT to compare a structured multidisciplinary intervention with standard care in symptomatic childhood hypermobility. The study demonstrates significant improvement among subjects but no additional benefit from targeted intervention. The findings emphasise the benefit of information and physiotherapy, but highlight the difficulty in demonstrating subtle benefit from specific interventions without better tools for case definition and outcomes assessment.

Trial registration identifying number

UKCRN Portfolio 9366.

Disclosure of interest

None declared.

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Correspondence to Peter J Bale.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Bale, P.J., Easton, V., Bacon, H. et al. The efficacy and cost effectiveness of a multidisciplinary intervention strategy for the treatment of benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS) in childhood. a randomised, single centre parallel group trial. (The bendy study). Pediatr Rheumatol 12, P58 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/1546-0096-12-S1-P58

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Keywords

  • Standard Care
  • Case Definition
  • Musculoskeletal Pain
  • Standard Management
  • Pain Reduction