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Treatment prescribing patterns in a cohort of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Data from the childhood arthritis prospective study (CAPS)

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Pediatric Rheumatology201412 (Suppl 1) :P23

  • Published:


  • Infliximab
  • Etanercept
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
  • Adalimumab
  • Tocilizumab


Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a heterogenous disease, classified according to the International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR). Initial treatment is based largely on disease severity; intra-articular injections for oligoarthritis, methotrexate (MTX) for polyarthritis and systemic presentations. The recent licensing of biologic therapies for use in JIA has revolutionised treatment of the disease. It is not currently known what proportion of children who present with polyarthritis will require biologic therapy. Although not studied formally, it is recognised a proportion of children with oligoarthritis will also require systemic therapy to control symptoms.


To describe prescribing patterns in JIA over the first 3 years on presentation to rheumatology.


Children with at least 3 years of follow-up within the Childhood Arthritis Prospective Study (CAPS), a prospective observational inception study of inflammatory arthritis, were included.

For analysis, children were placed into one of 4 groups based on physician-assigned ILAR category and number of active joints at first presentation (baseline): oligoarthritis, polyarthritis, systemic (sJIA) and enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA). All treatment exposures were categorised into NSAID, intra-articular steroids, disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD) including MTX and sulphasalazine (SSZ) and biologics including adalimumab (ADA), etanercept (ETN), infliximab (INF), and tocilizumab (TCZ).


790 children were included originally (406 oligoarthritis, 221 polyarthritis, 42 sJIA and 43 ERA). Of these, 78 had missing ILAR and were excluded, leaving 712 children. Over a 3 year period, almost 100% of children with polyarticular presentation and 50% with oligoarthritis went on to receive a DMARD. 44% with polyarthritis and 17% with oligoarticular presentation also received a biologic (Table). The most recent ILAR category among children with oligoarticular onset who received a biologic comprised 39% extended, 19% polyarthritis, 4% ERA, 11% other subtypes; 27% had persistent oligoarthritis. All sJIA patients were treated with DMARDs with 36% having biologics . 63% of ERA patients receive a DMARD with 26% going on to receive a biologic. Table 1.

Table 1

Arthritis pattern at presentation


Ever had a DMARD, n(%)

Ever had a biologic, n(%)



204 (50)

70 (17)



217 (98)

98 (44)

Systemic arthritis


42 (100)

15 (36)

Enthesitis-related arthritis


27 (63)

11 (26)


Over a three year period almost all patients with polyarthritis received treatment with MTX and almost 50% also received a biologic therapy. A high proportion of children presenting with oligoarthritis also went on to receive DMARDs and biologics, many children for persistent oligoarthritis. This is despite the lack of clinical trial evidence for effectiveness in this subtype. Further studies on the efficacy/effectiveness in this subtype should be undertaken to ensure appropriate use of advanced therapies in this population.

Disclosure of interest

None declared.

Authors’ Affiliations

University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
Newcastle Hospitals NHS Trust, Newcastle, UK
Alder Hey Children’s NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK
Royal Manchester Children’s Hospital, Manchester, UK
Greater Glasgow and Clyde Health Board and Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, UK
Department of Medicine, University College London, London, UK
Institute of Child Health, Rheumatology Unit, University College London, London, UK


© Davies et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.