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A hospital based registry of juvenile idiopathic arthritis in Norway
Pediatric Rheumatology volume 12, Article number: P203 (2014)
In 1999 a registry of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and juvenile onset connective tissue diseases was established at Rikshospitalet, Oslo University Hospital. The purpose of the registry is to initiate clinical, epidemiologic and laboratory research projects.
To evaluate clinical characteristics in patients with JIA registered in the hospital based registry.
The registry is based on written informed consent. JIA patients were classified using ICD-10 codes and they were registered once. Gender, date of registration and year for disease onset was recorded, in addition to onset type, number of active joints and physician’s global assessment of disease activity (VAS 0-100 mm).
A total of 1069 JIA patients were registered. Mean age at inclusion was 9 years, and 65% were female. The distributions in various ICD-10 subgroups are shown in table 1. The most frequent subgroups were pauciarticular and polyarthritis (seronegative).
Physician’s global was higher in girls (n=664) than in boys (n=353) in the group as whole; median 16 (IQR 4-33) versus median 13 (IQR 3-28); p=0.049. When comparing physician’s global between JIA subgroups, polyarthritis had higher than both pauciarticular arthritis; p=0.001, and systemic arthritis; p=0.024 (table 1). In 992 patients data on onset type was available. Of these 66% had pauci, 26% poly, 6% systemic and 2% unknown onset type. In 854 patients data on active joint count at time of registration was available. In the group as whole 42% had none, 24% one, 13% two, 6% three, 3% four and 12% five or more active joints.
The age at onset and gender distribution is as expected. Girls had higher physician’s global than boys and those with polyarthritis had higher physician’s global than both systemic and pauciarticular arthritis. Ideally the register should have been based on the ILAR criteria instead of the ICD-10 codes. We consider the three subgroups pauci, poly and systemic to be the most consistent with the ILAR criteria. The registry will be an important database for studies concerning outcome in JIA.
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Ingebrigtsen, T.M., Flatø, B., Garen, T. et al. A hospital based registry of juvenile idiopathic arthritis in Norway. Pediatr Rheumatol 12, P203 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/1546-0096-12-S1-P203
- Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
- ILAR Criterion
- Active Joint
- Connective Tissue Disease
- Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Patient