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What do medical students need to know about pediatric musculoskeletal (pMSK) medicine? Defining the learning outcomes
© Jandial et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012
Published: 13 July 2012
Musculoskeletal problems in childhood are common, presenting to both primary care and hospital specialities. However doctors involved in the care of children report poor confidence in their pMSK clinical skills; pMSK education is infrequently included in current medical school teaching within the UK and US. The development of the pediatric Gait, Arms, Legs and Spine MSK screening examination (pGALS) aimed at medical students is an important step to improving pMSK clinical skills but requires context. Our aim was to define learning outcomes (clinical skills and knowledge) within pMSK medicine to be acquired by graduation. pMSK medicine should be taught by both pMSK specialist and non-specialist teachers; a secondary aim was to identify barriers to pMSK teaching which would inform implementation of this curriculum.
A two-phase study was used. In Phase 1, proposals for pMSK curriculum content and barriers to pMSK teaching were generated from focus groups and interviews. Phase 2 achieved consensus on the final curriculum content using a modified Delphi process followed by group nominal technique. Participants were recruited from stakeholder groups: pediatric rheumatology and orthopedics, general and specialist pediatrics, family practice, allied health professionals and medical students. The project had full ethical approval and was funded by Arthritis Research UK.
This is the first consensus based content for an undergraduate pMSK curriculum involving all stakeholders within pMSK medicine. Principles specific to pMSK medicine relate to clinical skills; appropriate teaching of pGALS and the limping child is necessary. Barriers to implementation are important to address and should include improved training and support for child health teachers, access to children with pMSK problems and inclusion of valid pMSK assessments within undergraduate training.
Sharmila Jandial: None; Jane Stewart: None; Lesley Kay: None; Helen E. Foster: None.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.