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Disease characteristics and medication use in a multicenter cohort of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA): preliminary analyses from the CARRAnet registry

Purpose

The CARRAnet Registry, a multicenter registry of children with rheumatic diseases in the U.S. organized by the Childhood Arthritis Rheumatology and Research Alliance (CARRA), began enrollment in May 2010. Our aims were to describe the characteristics of children with JIA enrolled into the registry to date and to identify characteristics associated with the use of biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs).

Methods

Data were extracted for all children with JIA who were enrolled up to December 28, 2010. Children who had ever received biologic DMARDs were compared to children who had not using relative risks (RR) and unpaired t-tests.

Results

1072 children with JIA were enrolled during the first 7 months by 26 centers. The categorical characteristics of the cohort are shown in Table 1 and the continuous characteristics of the cohort are shown in Table 2. 77% had received at least one non-biologic DMARD at enrollment, most commonly methotrexate. 69% had received corticosteroids during their disease course, most frequently intra-articular (49%) and daily oral (36%). 45% of the cohort received one or more biologic DMARD during their disease course. The proportion of patients who received specific biologic agents is shown in Table 3. Children receiving biologic DMARDs were older at enrollment (mean age 13 years versus 10 years; p <0.001) and had a longer disease duration (mean 6 years versus 4 years; p<0.001). Children with imaging evidence of joint damage (RR 1.6; 95% CI: 1.3-1.9), positive RF (RR: 1.36; 95% CI 1.1 – 1.6), or positive anti-CCP (RR: 1.35; 1.1-1.7) were more likely to have received a biologic DMARD. Children with oligoarthritis were less likely to have received a biologic DMARD than other categories.

Table 1 Table 1
Table 2 Table 2
Table 3 Table 3

Conclusion

The majority of patients with JIA enrolled into the CARRAnet registry has relatively low disease activity, minimal disability, and have received at least one DMARD. Positive anti-CCP or RF, joint damage on imaging, older age at enrollment and longer disease duration were associated with biologic DMARD use. Limitations include the underrepresentation of non-English speaking families and enrollment bias. Continued enrollment into this cohort will support future analyses with increased sample sizes and the potential for longitudinal data analysis.

Disclosure

Sarah Ringold: None; Timothy Beukelman: None; Esi M. Morgan DeWitt: None; Marc Natter: None; Peter A. Nigrovic: None; Yukiko Kimura: None; CARRAnet Investigators: None.

Author information

Correspondence to Sarah Ringold.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Keywords

  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
  • Rheumatic Disease
  • Joint Damage
  • Longe Disease Duration
  • Biologic DMARD