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Table 3 Total, direct, and indirect costs by category of JIA

From: Economic impact of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: a systematic review

  Total costsa Direct costsa Indirect costsa
Article Yucel, 2012 [27] Minden, 2009 [18] Shenoi, 2018 [20] Yucel, 2012 [27] Minden, 2009 [18] Thornton, 2008 [22] Shenoi, 2018 [20] Yucel, 2012 [27]
Original currency EUR 2009 EUR 2018 USD 2016 EUR 2009 EUR 2018 GBP 2008 USD 2016 EUR 2009
All categories 6,844 5,312   6,705 4,752 2,709   139
Oligoarthritis 3,182 9,473    8,498 2,594   
Polyarthritis 10,359 18,423    15,815 3,028   
ERA 8,274 6,238    5,711 3,255   
Psoriatic 5,516 4,562    4,143 1,999   
Systemic 3,076 8,972 1,204   7,899 3,169 1,033  
Undifferentiated      5,327 2,921   
  1. ERA Enthesitis-related arthritis, USD United States dollar, EUR Euro, GBP Great Britain pound
  2. aAdjusted to inflation and converted to US Dollar. Based on exchange rate on December 31, 2019