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Table 4 Comparison of clinical data between the groups of repeated IVIG-resistant and IVIG-responsive patients in KD

From: Predictive value of serum procalcitonin for both initial and repeated immunoglobulin resistance in Kawasaki disease: a prospective cohort study

 IVIG-resistant(n = 35)IVIG-responsive(n = 41)P value
Age(months)39.00[17.00–62.00]32.00[15.50–48.40]0.338
Male (%)17(48.6)22(53.7)0.658
Day of illness before IVIG5.00[4.00–6.00]5.00[5.00–6.50]0.343
Fever duration prior to admission, days5.00[4.00–5.00]5.00[4.00–6.50]0.889
Sampling day of illness, days4.00[4.00–5.00]5.00[3.00–6.00]0.065
Laboratory features
 WBC count(109/L)15.50[9.40–20.10]14.60[11.25–16.35]0.410
 NLR7.57[2.70–12.86]3.97[2.80–7.29]0.033*
 Hemoglobin(g/L)106.00[99.00–113.00]111.00[102.00–117.50]0.252
 PLT count(109/L)290.00[233.00–342.00]304.00[242.50–367.50]0.347
 AST(IU/L)41.00[28.00–70.00]32.00[23.00–73.00]0.558#
 ALT(IU/L)48.00[34.00–118.00]55.00[23.00–127.50]0.974#
 ALB(g/L)34.00[29.00–39.00]37.00[32.50–39.50]0.201
 Total bilirubin(mg/L)7.00[4.70–30.00]7.50[5.00–12.50]0.084#
 Cardiac troponin (ug/L)0.01[0.01–0.02]0.01[0.01–0.01]0.930#
 Creatinine(umol/L)33.00[27.00–39.00]29.00[24.50–37.00]0.095
 Urea nitrogen(mmol/L)3.20[2.33–4.14]2.90[2.35–3.40]0.043*#
 Sodium(mmol/L)133.00[131.00–136.00]135.00[133.00–137.50]0.093
 Potassium(mmol/L)3.90[3.40–4.32]3.94[3.61–4.28]0.633
 ESR(mm/h)69.00[47.00–92.00]64.00[43.50–80.50]0.279
 CRP(mg/L)122.00[64.00–168.00]76.00[50.50–112.50]0.014*
 PCT(ng/ml)2.90[0.51–8.34]1.43[0.37–3.37]0.017*#
  1. The data are presented as the mean ± SD for continuous variables and as the percentage for the categorical variables
  2. Abbreviations: WBC white blood cell, NLR neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, PLT platelet, ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate, CRP C-reactive protein, ALB Albumin, AST aspartate aminotransferase, ALT alanine aminotransferase, PCT procalcitonin, IVIG intravenous immunoglobulin, CALs Coronary artery lesions, KD Kawasaki Disease
  3. #Variables between two groups were compared by the Mann–Whitney U test due to abnormal data distribution
  4. *Statistically significant (P < 0.05)