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Table 1 Comparison of clinical data between the groups of IVIG-resistant and IVIG-responsive in KD

From: Predictive value of serum procalcitonin for both initial and repeated immunoglobulin resistance in Kawasaki disease: a prospective cohort study

 IVIG-responsive(n = 454)P value
Age(months)33.50[16.00–60.00]24.00[13.00–42.00]0.283
Male (%)39(51.3%)260(57.3%)0.333
Day of illness before IVIG5.00[5.00–6.00]5.00[5.00–6.00]0.199
Fever duration prior to admission, days5.00[4.00–6.00]5.00[4.00–6.00]0.779
Sampling day of illness, days5.00[3.25–5.75]5.00[4.00–6.00]0.240
Laboratory features
 WBC count(109/L)14.65[11.10–17.65]13.45[10.88–16.80]0.176#
 NLR4.78[2.76–9.37]2.68[1.67–4.71]0.002*#
 Hemoglobin(g/L)108[102.00–115.00]108.00[101.00–116.00]0.945
 PLT count(109/L)295.50[234.00–346.00]325.00[272.25–402.00]0.002*
 AST(IU/L)37.50[24.25–68.75]32.00[25.00–49.00]0.337#
 ALT(IU/L)49.50[26.25–120.25]36.00[21.00–77.00]0.176
 ALB(g/L)36.00[31.05–39.00]38.00[35.00–41.00]0.007*
 Total bilirubin(mg/L)7.00[5.00–16.20]6.00[4.00–8.00]0.065
 Cardiac troponin (ug/L)0.01[0.01–0.02]0.01[0.01–0.01]0.214
 Creatinine(umol/L)29.00[26.25–37.75]27.00[22.75–31.25]0.009*#
 Urea nitrogen(mmol/L)2.90[2.34–3.81]2.60[2.10–3.20]0.208
 Sodium(mmol/L)134.00[132.70–137.00]137.00[135.00–139.00]< 0.001*
 Potassium(mmol/L)3.93[3.54–4.32]4.14[3.77–4.50]0.136
 ESR(mm/h)65.00[46.25–87.00]64.50[47.75–82.00]0.883#
 CRP(mg/L)89.50[58.25–144.00]70.00[42.00–105.40]0.008*
 PCT(ng/ml)1.70[0.47–5.61]0.64[0.21–1.77]0.009*#
  1. The data are presented as the median with the 25th and 75th percentiles in square brackets for continuous variables and as the percentage for the categorical variables
  2. Abbreviations: WBC white blood cell, NLR neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, PLT platelet, ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate, CRP C-reactive protein, ALB Albumin, AST aspartate aminotransferase, ALT alanine aminotransferase, PCT procalcitonin, IVIG intravenous immunoglobulin, CALs Coronary artery lesions, KD Kawasaki Disease
  3. #Variables between two groups were compared by the Mann–Whitney U test due to abnormal data distribution
  4. * Statistically significant (P < 0.05)