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Table 1 Overview of studies evaluating local therapy for TMJ arthritis

From: Temporomandibular joint arthritis in juvenile idiopathic arthritis, now what?

Study n Therapy Injections/TMJ Localization of IACI Duration of follow-up
Arabshahi et al. [122] 23 TA 40 mg; TH 20 mg 1 CT 6–12 months
Ringold et al. [106] 25 TA 20–40 mg; TH 10–20 mg 1–5 Anatomic 26 months (5–52)
Weiss et al. [14] 21 TH 10 mg 1 CT 6 months
Parra et al. [123] 83 TH 5–10 mg TA 5–10 mg 1–6 US 6 weeks
Mina et al. [67] 28 DIP 6 mg 8–10 Anatomic Completion of course
Habibi et al. [124] 39 TH 10–20 mg 1 US 6–8 weeks
Stoll et al. [125] 63 TH 5–10 mg 1–2 Anatomic 5 months
Stoll et al. [56] 24 INX 5–10 mg ND Anatomic 7.8 months
Olsen-Bergem et al. [64] 21 Arthrocentesis plus Triamcinolone 1 US 8 months
Olsen-Bergem et al. [64] 17 Arthrocentesis alone 1 US 8 months
Lochbuhler et al. [51] 33 TH 6–20 mg 1–7 Anatomic 5 years
Stoll et al. [55]1 33 INX 1–7 Anatomic 9 months (2–27)
Stoustrup et al. [126] 13 TH 20 mg 1 Anatomic 333 days (190–600)
Kinard et al. [65] 3 Arthrocentesis alone 1 Anatomic 1 month
Resnick et al. [127] 29 TH 10 mg 1 Anatomic 22.9 months
Resnick et al. [128] 45 TH 10 mg 1 Anatomic or imaging2 21–22 months
Antonarakis et al. [66]3 21 (IACS), 8 (lavage) TA 20 mg 1 Anatomic 6 months
  1. 1There is overlap in patients with Stoll et al. [56]; however, patients present in both studied had undergone additional injections in the intervening period. 2This study compared patients who had received injections via anatomic guidance versus those who had received imaging guidance. For the latter, multiple modalities (CT, US, fluoroscopy) were used. 3This study compared TMJ lavage alone with lavage plus IACI. Abbreviations: DIP demamethasone iontophoresis, INX infliximab, TA triamcinolone acetonide, TH triamcinolide hexacetonide