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A refractory heterogeneous Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndrome (CAPS) phenotype related to V198M mutation responds to canakinumab - a case report

Background

V198M mutation has been identified in more than one CAPS phenotype and is difficult to treat.

Aim

To report effects of prolonged selective IL-1β inhibition with canakinumab in a CAPS phenotype related to V198M mutation.

Methods

A 9-year old boy, diagnosed with symptomatic MWS and evidence of a V198M mutation (father also V198M), only partially responsive to anakinra, participated in a phase III study of canakinumab in CAPS patients (N=166). Study treatment was 8-weekly administration of canakinumab by s.c. injection, 150 mg to adults and 2 mg/kg to patients ≤40 kg for up to 2 years. Administration frequency and dose (maximum 600 mg or 8 mg/kg [≤40 kg]) were increased in case of residual symptoms.

Results

After insufficient response to per-protocol canakinumab dose, the patient received high dose canakinumab (10 mg/kg, i.v.) every 4 weeks from Day 20 onwards to >440 days. Disease activity improved from severe to moderate at Day 48 and remained stable including normal CRP and SAA values (<10 mg/L). Temporary mild adverse events (AE) were not suspected to be treatment-related (upper respiratory viral infection, gastroenteritis, and rhinitis). Night sweats, dry lips and skin persisted until last assessments. No serious AEs /infections were reported in this patient.

Conclusion

Based on our experience in this patient and a review of literature on efficacy of IL-1 inhibition in CAPS patients with V198M mutation, high dose canakinumab i.v* with increased dosing frequency yields symptomatic relief without evidence of increased AE. Confirmation of our observation in more patients with similar genetic and clinical presentation is needed.

*The posology used for this case is not in line with the approved posology of canakinumab

Author information

Correspondence to Jasmin B Kuemmerle-Deschner.

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Keywords

  • Rhinitis
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Anakinra
  • Residual Symptom
  • Respiratory Viral Infection