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Inflammatory myositis in the pediatric rheumatology clinical practice – a case series
Pediatric Rheumatologyvolume 9, Article number: P59 (2011)
Inflammatory myopathies (IM) in children comprise a heterogeneous group of disorders, the most common being juvenile dermatomyositis and to a lesser degree juvenile polymyositis.
To assess the clinical characteristics and treatment response of a cohort of IM patients.
Clinical chart review of clinical, laboratory and treatment related parameters of IM patients treated at 2 referral centers for the last 12 years.
Outcome measures included disease remission and muscular function.
17 IM patients (12F/5M, median age at diagnosis-8years(2-16years)) were followed for a mean of 6,3years (1-12years): 3 were labeled as polymyositis and 14 as juvenile dermatomyositis.
Positive diagnostic criteria: typical skin lesions-14/17, proximal muscle weakness-15/17, elevated muscle enzymes-16/17, EMG-10/10, muscle biopsy-9/9.
Frequent presenting symptoms included: proximal muscle weakness-16/17, skin lesions-11/17, lethargy-8/17, fever-7/17. During follow-up, patients presented with: muscle weakness (17/17), skin lesions (14/17), lipodystrophy (2/17), arthralgia (6/17), arthritis(4/17), vasculitis (4/17), gastro-intestinal vasculitis (1/17), restrictive pulmonary disease (1/17), calcinosis (4/17).
Laboratory: ESR was raised in 6/17, muscle enzymes in 17/17 (CK-16/17, median-1149; LDH 16/17, median-875; aldolase-7/17); Positive auto-antibodies: ANA-11/17, SSA(Ro-52)-2/17; 10/17 underwent muscle biopsy and 9/17 EMG.
Therapeutic regimens included more commonly steroids, methotrexate (17/17) and CyclosporinA (16/17).
Regarding disease activity, 9/17 patients have inactive disease, 6 of which are in remission without treatment; 6/17 have permanent loss of muscular function.
IM are potentially severe, incapacitating diseases. All patients with polymyositis in this series have loss of muscular function, contrasting with 3/14 of JDM patients.
About half of this cohort is asymptomatic and it should be stressed that early diagnosis and aggressive treatment are important prognostic factors.