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- Open Access
A pilot study for genome wide association study (GWAS) in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and their parents
© Ozen et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011
- Published: 14 September 2011
- Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
- Genome Wide Association Study
- Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Patient
- Systemic Onset
- Polyarticular Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
GWAS are being performed to define susceptibility risk factors for JIA.
We have performed a genome wide analysis in patients with JIA and both their parents as trio sets to define the basis of genetic susceptibility for JIA.
A GWAS using Gene Chip Human Mapping 250K Nsp arrays was performed in 35 trio sets. The patients were grouped into those having oligoarticular or polyarticular JIA and those having SoJIA. Case-control and trio analysis are performed with plink toolset to determine JIA associated SNPs in both patient groups and associated SNPs are prioritized according to their statistical and biological relevance. Enriched genes and pathways within the prioritized SNP list are also analyzed.
Both case-control, trio analysis and chromosomal distributions of the associated SNPs revealed that there were marked differences between the associated SNP profiles of the two groups of JIA patients. The identification of the top associated SNPs in the two groups is in progress. Prioritization and gene enrichment analysis has been done in order to gain more insight to the JIA etiology at gene and pathway level. Associations were present with HLA and some previously defined loci published for rheumatoid arthritis and JIA patients. The other strong associations that were common in both patient groups were present for SNPs in the TLR pathway, matrix metalloproteinase, calcium pathways and S100A4.
GWAS for case-control and trio analysis has shown differences between the systemic onset JIA compared to the others. The parental origin of transmission is also being assessed.
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