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Interleukin-6 overproduction correlates with disease activity and severity in juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Pediatric Rheumatologyvolume 9, Article number: P109 (2011)
IL-6 has long been known to play the key role in mediating the inflammatory process in a number of autoimmune diseases, including Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA).
To evaluate the possible role of IL-6 in monitoring disease activity in JIA.
In a 2-year prospective study, IL-6 levels were measured using ELISA in 63 serum samples for 40 JIA patients. The control population consisted of 18 healthy children. The data were correlated with disease activity and severity (quantified with JADAS27 score) and also with several biomarkers of inflammation.
The patients with active disease had greater IL-6 levels than did the patients with inactive disease (p=0.002) and controls (p=0.006).The cutoff value for active disease obtained from the ROC curve was 8,33pg/ml. During the active stage of the disease IL-6 levels were significantly higher in both systemic and polyarticular patients than in the oligoarticular patients.
Serum IL-6 concentrations of active oligoarticular patients were not significantly different from those of controls (p=0.078). Levels of circulating IL-6 were elevated in patients with severe and moderate disease activity (JADAS27>10) compared with those of low disease activity (JADAS27≤10) (p=0.010) and controls (p=0.002). In our patients the circulating IL-6 values were significantly correlated with JADAS27 score (r=0.49; p<0.01), ESR (r=0.38; p<0.01), CRP (r=0.33; p=0.01) and with hemoglobin levels (r= -0.30; p=0.02).
Serum IL-6 concentrations may serve as a biomarker of disease activity and severity in JIA. Our data are also encouraging for the clinicians to focus on IL-6 as a target for therapeutic inhibition.