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Table 2 Causes of Raynaud's phenomenon

From: Primary Raynaud's phenomenon in an infant: a case report and review of literature

Category Disease conditions
Connective tissue/autoimmune disorders Scleroderma,
Dematomyositis,
Systemic lupus erythematosus,
Rheumatoid arthritis,
Sjogren's syndrome
Antiphospholipid antibodies (APLA) syndrome
Polyarteritis nodosa
Repetitive trauma Work involving tools with vibrations
Drugs Interferon-alpha,
Bleomycin
Ergotamine
Infections Helicobacter Pylori
Parvovirus B19
Metabolic Atherosclerosis
Cryoglobulinemia
Hyperhomocysteinemia
Chemical exposure Vinyl chloride exposure in plastic industry
Smoking
Other Carpal-tunnel syndrome
CREST* syndrome
  1. * CREST: calcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly, and telangiectasia.