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Table 1 Etiology of Osteoporosis in Children.

From: Osteoporosis in children: pediatric and pediatric rheumatology perspective: a review

Primary bone disorders Chronic inflammatory diseases
Osteogenesis imperfecta Systemic lupus erythematosus
Idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Osteoporosis-Pseudoglioma syndrome Dermatomyositis
Homocystinuria Inflammatory bowel disease
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (type I) Nephrotic syndrome
Marfan syndrome Immobility or decreased activity
GSD type 1 Post trauma
Juvenile/Early-onset Paget's disease Cerebral palsy
Catabolic state/Inadequate nutrition/Malabsorption Spinal muscular atrophy, Muscular dystrophy
Vitamin D deficiency Medications
Malignancy - Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, Lymphoma Anticonvulsant, Glucocorticosteroids, Heparin, Methotrexate (in oncology doses)
Cystic fibrosis Endocrine disorders
Psychiatric eating disorders - Anorexia nervosa/Bulimia Hypogonadism - Gonadal dysgenesis
Chronic malabsorption (e.g. Celiac disease) Hyperthyroidism
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome Cushing syndrome
Female athlete triad disorder Growth hormone deficiency
  Delayed puberty