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Table 1 Reported cases of tuberculous knee arthritis in children

From: Mycobacterium tuberculosis monoarthritis in a child

Author (reference) Number of Cases Number with joint/bone infection only Appendicular joints involved Presentation age Diagnosis of tuberculosis Chest radiograph Skin test
Southwood (18) 1 1 Knees, ankles 2 years Positive culture from bone Hilar adenopathy; no parenchymal involvement Positive
Jacobs (14) 1 1 Knee 4 years Histopathology (giant cells); cultures and stains for TB negative Not stated Initially negative then positive
Jacobs (14) 1 0 Knee 8 months Positive synovial fluid culture Positive Initially negative then positive
Haygood (12) 45 Unknown Hip – 18
Knee – 17
Ankle – 5
Shoulder – 2
Midfoot, elbow, wrist, hand – 1 each
6 months to 19 years Positive culture, histopathology and/or guinea pig inoculation Not stated Not stated
Al-Matar (7) 1 1 Knee 2 years Positive culture and histopathology Normal Positive
Al-Matar (7) 1 1 Knee 6 years Positive culture and histopathology Normal Positive
Hoffman (13) 52 24 Knees 8 months to 13 years Predominantly histopathologic but details not stated Normal in 24 (47%) 91% Positive
Sawhney (17) 1 1 Knees, elbow, shoulder 13 years Positive culture, polymerase chain reaction and histopathology Normal Positive
Aloui (8) 1 1 Knee 1 year Histopathology of bone lesion Normal Negative
Aloui (8) 1 1 Knee 2 years Histopathology and positive culture of bone lesion Normal Not stated
Uzel (19) 1 1 Knee 9 years Synovial histopathology; cultures negative Normal Positive
Rajakumar (present case) 1 1 Knee 2 years Synovial fluid culture Normal Initially negative then positive