Skip to main content

Advertisement

Familial chilblain lupus caused by an activating mutation in STING

  • 478 Accesses

Familial chilblain lupus is a monogenic form of cutaneous lupus erythematosus characterized by cold-induced cutaneous lesions at acral location. It is caused by loss-of-function mutations in the nucleic acid metabolizing enzymes TREX1 or SAMHD1. Gain-of-function mutations in STING (stimulator of Interferon genes) have been described in an infancy-onset autoinflammatory syndrome with fever, inflammatory cutaneous lesions and interstitial lung disease.

Here we report on a family with dominant chilblain lupus over 4 generations. Affected family members presented with acral inflammatory and partially necrotizing lesions beginning in early childhood. In some cases, low-titered ANAs and immune complexes were detectable. The family tested negative for TREX1 or SAMHD1 mutations. Exome sequencing revealed a heterozygous STING mutation segregating with chilblain lupus in the family. The mutation affects a highly conserved residue within the STING dimer interface and is predicted to be pathogenic. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis showed an increased expression of IFN-stimulated genes in blood cells of affected family members suggesting that the identified mutation has an activating effect on type I IFN signaling. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that gain-of-function mutations in STING can cause familial chilblain lupus and expand the spectrum of type I interferonopathies.

Author information

Correspondence to MA Lee-Kirsch.

Rights and permissions

This article is published under an open access license. Please check the 'Copyright Information' section for details of this license and what re-use is permitted. If your intended use exceeds what is permitted by the license or if you are unable to locate the licence and re-use information, please contact the Rights and Permissions team.

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

König, N., Fiehn, C., Lorenz, H. et al. Familial chilblain lupus caused by an activating mutation in STING. Pediatr Rheumatol 13, O62 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/1546-0096-13-S1-O62

Download citation

Keywords

  • Lung Disease
  • Interstitial Lung Disease
  • Exome Sequencing
  • Necrotizing Lesion
  • Cutaneous Lesion