Volume 12 Supplement 1

Proceedings of the 21st European Pediatric Rheumatology (PReS) Congress

Open Access

A functional inflammasome activation assay discriminates between genetically proven caps patients and patients with low penetrance NLRP3 variants

  • Nikolaus Rieber1,
  • Alina Gavrilov1,
  • Theresa Endres1,
  • Dominik Hartl1 and
  • Jasmin Kümmerle-Deschner1
Pediatric Rheumatology201412(Suppl 1):P74

https://doi.org/10.1186/1546-0096-12-S1-P74

Published: 17 September 2014

Introduction

The cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS) are characterized by recurrent episodes of systemic inflammation. CAPS is caused by mutations in the NLRP3 gene encoding cryopyrin, an important component of the NLRP3 inflammasome that activates caspase-1 resulting in inflammation by excessive production of IL-1β and others. A diagnostic dilemma is often encountered in patients with unspecific inflammatory symptoms like fatigue, muscle pain, arthralgia or slight hearing loss and low penetrance variants in NLRP3 / CIAS with an inconsistent clinical phenotype. The analysis of IL-1β in the serum did not prove to be a valid diagnostic test in these individuals.

Objectives

In this study we sought to investigate, if a functional inflammasome activation assay discriminates between genetically proven CAPS patients, patients with low penetrance NLRP3 variants and healthy controls.

Methods

The study population consisted of 16 patients with genetically proven Muckle-Wells syndrome, 9 patients with low penetrance NLRP3 variants (V198M, Q703K and E627G) and 14 healthy controls. Concentrations of IL-1β, IL-1α, IL-18, and Caspase-1 were quantified in cell culture supernatants after inflammasome stimulation with LPS and LPS + ATP for several timepoints.

Results

After 4h of LPS stimulation, secretion of NLRP3 inflammasome products (IL-1β, IL-1α, IL-18) and Caspase-1 were potently increased in MWS patients, whereas there was no increase in low penetrance NLRP3 variants and healthy controls (for IL-1β p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively). Minor differences were still detected at later timepoints and for LPS + ATP stimulation.

Conclusion

Our functional inflammasome activation assay discriminates between genetically proven CAPS patients and patients with low penetrance NLRP3 variants. This assay might add to the decision, which individuals presumably benefit from an anti-IL-1 therapy.

Disclosure of interest

N. Rieber Grant / Research Support from: Novartis Research Grant, A. Gavrilov: None declared., T. Endres: None declared., D. Hartl: None declared., J. Kümmerle-Deschner Grant / Research Support from: Novartis Research Grant.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Children's hospital

Copyright

© Rieber et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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