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Micrornas in autoinflammation and autoimmunity

Micro(mi)RNAs are small non-coding RNAs that play critical roles in physiological networks by regulating genetic programs. They are conserved from worms to mammals and function as negative regulators of protein-encoding gene expression. Research on the role of miRNAs in pathophysiological conditions is very active since 10 years and several works evidenced that miRNAs play a key role in the regulation of immunological functions and the prevention of autoimmunity. I will discuss the involvement of miRNAs in the regulation of innate and adaptive immune functions and in the development of autoimmune disease. Focusing on the role of few miRNAs, I will emphasize the intertwined relationships between tissue homeostasis and immunity, and on how studying miRNAs in autoimmunity and immune-mediated inflammatory disorders will shed light on pathological processes and help identifying novel drug candidates and biomarkers.

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Correspondence to Florence Apparailly.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Apparailly, F. Micrornas in autoinflammation and autoimmunity. Pediatr Rheumatol 12, I14 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/1546-0096-12-S1-I14

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Keywords

  • Public Health
  • Gene Expression
  • Critical Role
  • Autoimmune Disease
  • Negative Regulator