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Table 1 Individual proprioceptive acuity scores and participant characteristics

From: Proprioceptive acuity into knee hypermobile range in children with Joint Hypermobility Syndrome

Study no Gender Age Pain/10 Beighton/9 Sports participation HE/56 (%) correct F /56 (%) correct HE JND° F JND° Difference (HE-F JND)
20 F 14 7.5 9 Dance, Badminton, Rugby union, Soccer 42 (75) 37 (66) 0.30 0.45 -0.15
18 F 9.5 0 9 Nil 41 (73) 36 (64) 0.32 0.61 -0.29
3* F 16.7 0.5 5 Athletics, Netball 37 (66) 37 (66) 0.51 0.47 +0.04
17 F 14.4 0 8 Dance 33 (59) 34 (61) 0.66 0.78 -0.12
14 M 11 0 8 Athletics, Dance, Gymnastics 35 (63) 30 (54) 0.66 1.34 -0.68
9 F 10.2 5.3 4 Softball, Hockey 37 (66) 30 (54) 0.67 1.15 -0.48
11 F 14.2 6.9 9 Trampolining, Dance 34 (61) 37 (66) 0.71 0.38 +0.33
7 F 10.4 2.3 8 Nil 35 (65) 30 (54) 0.71 1.57 -0.86
1 F 8.2 0 9 Dance 32 (57) 38 (68) 0.80 0.45 +0.35
2 F 10.3 0 7 Athletics, Swimming, Soccer, Cycling, Dance 37 (66) 33 (59) 0.80 1.06 -0.26
10 F 13.6 4.5 6 Softball, Hockey, Swimming 34 (61) 32 (63) 0.81 1.15 -0.34
15 M 10.5 0 8 Basketball, Hockey, Australian football, Soccer, Bushwalking, Table tennis, Soccer 34 (61) 34 (61) 1.14 0.73 +0.41
5* M 9.9 0 7 Tennis, Soccer, Cricket 33 (59) 33 (59) 1.16 0.99 +0.17
19 F 12.8 0 8 Tennis, Netball, Dance, Cycling, Bushwalking 34 (61) 30 (54) 1.34 1.63 -0.29
12 F 9.9 0 8 Swimming, Trampolining, Netball 30 (54) 40 (71) 1.61 0.40 +1.21
6* M 15.5 2.4 6 Martial Arts, Cycling 32 (57) 35 (63) 1.63 0.81 +0.82
13 M 9.1 0 8 Dance 29 (52) 31 (55) 3.98 2.02 +1.96
8 F 11.2 1.8 6 Swimming, Tennis, Dance, Pilates 28 (50) 35 (63) NA 0.72 +NA
4 F 11.2 3.4 8 Dance 27 (48) 32 (57) NA 0.88 +NA
16* M 11 4.2 8 Swimming, Australian football, Soccer 28 (50) 35 (63) NA 0.72 +NA
Mean (SD) 11.69 (2.32) 1.94 (2.52) 7.45 (1.4)   33.6/56 (60%) (SD 4.04) 33.95/56 (61%) (SD 2.98) 1.05 (0.85) 0.92 (0.45) 0.11 (0.71)
  1. Smaller JND indicates better proprioceptive acuity.
  2. HE-F: -ive number indicates proprioception in hyperextension range is better than in flexion range, +ive number indicates proprioception in flexion range is better than in hyperextension range.
  3. NA indicates that the JND was not able to be attained (i.e. ≤28/56 correct responses).
  4. *indicates participant required rest during testing.