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PReS-FINAL-2314: Anti-TNF alpha therapy for refractory childhood takayasu arthritis


Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a rare chronic granulomatous vasculitis of large vessels. Initial symptoms and signs are usually non-specific, therefore a high index of suspicion is needed to make a timely and correct diagnosis.


To review our experience with treatment of children with TA.


We analysed patients data.


In our centre we are currently treating two adolescents with TA. Patient 1 presented with arthralgia, anaemia and fatigue. Patient 2 demonstrated leg claudication. None of them had hypertension. In both of them vascular bruits and elevated inflammatory markers were present. Diagnosis was confirmed by magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Both patients were initially treated with pulse methylprednisolone followed by a high dose oral corticosteroid in combination with methotrexate. Both patients achieved transient clinical and laboratory improvement with decreased inflammatory parameters after initial treatment. By tapering steroid therapy inflammatory parameters started to rise. Patient 2 also demonstrated less palpable leg pulses and persistent leg claudication. Follow-up MRA imaging demonstrated only partial improvement with persistent vascular changes in both patients. Because of incomplete disease control both patients were started on anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha therapy with infliximab which resulted in good clinical and laboratory response with decreased inflammatory parameters.


According to our experience anti-TNF alpha therapy appears to be a successful treatment approach in pediatric patients with refractory TA.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Koren, B., Blazina, Š., Toplak, N. et al. PReS-FINAL-2314: Anti-TNF alpha therapy for refractory childhood takayasu arthritis. Pediatr Rheumatol 11 (Suppl 2), P304 (2013).

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