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PReS-FINAL-2102: Comparison of sensitivity and specificity of MAS and HLH diagnostic guidelines in 362 children with MAS complicating systemic JIA

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Introduction

Early diagnosis of macrophage activations syndrome (MAS) in systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sjia) may be challenging because it may mimic the clinical features of the underlying disease or be confused with an infectious complication. However, the diagnostic value of the guidelines for hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) or sjia-associated MAS has seldom been examined.

Objectives

To investigate the sensitivity and specificity of diagnostic guidelines for HLH and sjia-associated MAS in patients with sjia who developed MAS.

Methods

The study sample included 362 children with sjia who had MAS (diagnosed and treated as such by the attending physician) and 2 control groups with potentially "confusable" conditions, including active sjia without MAS (n = 404) and a systemic febrile infection requiring hospitalization (n = 345). Diagnostic guidelines for HLH and sjia-associated MAS were applied to all MAS and control patients. Because no patient had NK-cell activity and soluble CD25 determination available and bone marrow aspirate was performed in only a few patients, these 3 criteria were excluded from HLH guidelines. HLH criteria were, therefore, met when at least 4 of the 5 remaining variables were present. Sjia-associated MAS criteria were met when at least 2 laboratory criteria or at least 1 laboratory criterion and 1 clinical criterion were present. Sensitivity and specificity of guidelines in discriminating patients with MAS from control patients were assessed.

Results

The table shows the comparison of sensitivity and specificity of diagnostic guidelines.

Table 1 Table 1

Conclusion

The diagnostic guidelines for sjia-associated MAS revealed strong sensitivity and specificity, whereas HLH guidelines were highly specific, but lacked sensitivity. Sensitivity of HLH was mostly hampered by the excessive stringent threshold for cytopenia and hypofibrinogenemia, and the infrequent occurrence of splenomegaly in patients with MAS.

Disclosure of interest

None declared.

Author information

Correspondence to S Davì.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Davì, S., Minoia, F., Horne, A. et al. PReS-FINAL-2102: Comparison of sensitivity and specificity of MAS and HLH diagnostic guidelines in 362 children with MAS complicating systemic JIA. Pediatr Rheumatol 11, P114 (2013) doi:10.1186/1546-0096-11-S2-P114

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Keywords

  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
  • Control Patient
  • Infectious Complication
  • Bone Marrow Aspirate
  • Soluble CD25