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PReS-FINAL-2175: Pharmacokinetics of mycophenolate mofetil in children with lupus and clinical findings in favour of therapeutic drug monitoring


The use of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in children with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is increasing. However, the clinical benefit of its monitoring has been scarcely studied, and little is known about its pharmacokinetics (PK) in this context.


To describe mycophenolic acid (MPA) PK, and to explore the relationships between exposure indices to MPA and the clinical status in children with SL


This retrospective study included 36 children with SLE already treated with a maintenance immunosuppressive therapy including MMF. Full-PK profiles of MPA were modelled using an iterative two-stage approach and a simulation approach was applied for model refitting and validation. Using this a priori PK information, a Bayesian estimator was then developed that could allow accurate determination of MPA PK and exposure using 3 blood samples. The relationships between MPA through concentrations (C0), Area under the Curve (AUC) or AUC/dose values, and the activity of the disease (expressed using the consensually recommended Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index; SLEDAI) were explored using Receiver Operating Curve (ROC) and logistic regression analysis.


the ROC curve analysis showed that AUC ≤ 44 mg*h/L and AUC/dose< = 0.06 mg*h/L/mg were associated with the best diagnostic performance (Sensitivity of 78% and 94% and specificity of 94% and 56% respectively). When introduced in logistic regression model these threshold were associated with an increased risk of active disease (AUC/dose < 0.06, OR[95%CI] = 59.5 [5.9-588.2], p = 0.0005; AUC < 44 mg.h/L, OR = 21.2 [2.3-196.1].


AUC> 45 mg * h/L or AUC/dose> 0.06 could be proposed as a target AUC to limit relapse of the disease or its progression in further clinical trials.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( ) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Woillard, J., Bader-Meunier, B., Salomon, R. et al. PReS-FINAL-2175: Pharmacokinetics of mycophenolate mofetil in children with lupus and clinical findings in favour of therapeutic drug monitoring. Pediatr Rheumatol 11 (Suppl 2), O10 (2013).

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