- Meeting abstract
- Open Access
PW02-042 - Induction of MDSC in Muckle-Wells syndrome
© Rieber et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
- Published: 8 November 2013
- NLRP3 Inflammasome
- Immune Cell Subset
- Future Therapeutic Target
- Helper Cell Subset
Muckle-Wells syndrome (MWS) is caused by mutations in the NLRP3-gene encoding cryopyrin, leading to overproduction of IL-1β and other NLRP3 inflammasome products. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) represent a novel innate immune cell subset, are generated in tumor, infective, and proinflammatory microenvironments and are capable of suppressing T cell responses. Consequently, MDSCs are considered a key intermediary in balancing innate and adaptive immune responses, particularly under chronic disease conditions.
We hypothesized that NLRP3 inflammasome-dependent factors induce the generation of MDSCs in MWS.
We studied granulocytic MDSC numbers in 25 MWS patients under anti-IL-1 therapy with canakinumab and 20 healthy controls. After Ficoll density gradient sedimentation, granulocytic MDSCs were characterized as CD33highCD66bhighIL-4RainterHLA-DRlow neutrophilic cells in the PBMC fraction, according to previously established human MDSC analysis methods. The functionality of MACS-isolated MDSCs was assessed using polyclonal T cell proliferation and cytokine / chemokine secretion tests. Physician’s global assessment of disease activity, CRP, ESR, and T helper cell subsets were determined at the same time points and correlated with MDSC levels. Serum samples of 22 MWS patients and 5 healthy controls were examined by multiplex technique for possible MDSC inducing factors.
MWS patients under anti-IL-1 therapy displayed significantly elevated MDSC numbers (mean 1.65 ± 0.33 %; range 0.16 – 5.17 %) compared to healthy controls (mean 0.45 ± 0.05 %; range 0.12 – 1.04%; p = 0.0025), although clinical MWS-disease activity was generally low at time of examination. MDSCs were functionally competent, as they suppressed polyclonal T cell proliferation, Th1, Th2, and Th17 responses. MDSCs correlated directly with Treg/Th17 and Treg/Th1 ratios indicating an influence on T helper cell subsets. Multiplex assays revealed the established MDSC-inducing growth factors GM-CSF and VEGF elevated in MWS sera even under anti-IL-1 therapy with canakinumab.
MWS patients under anti-IL-1 therapy display significantly elevated numbers of granulocytic MDSCs. Increased MDSCs in MWS might represent a novel autologous anti-inflammatory mechanism in autoinflammatory conditions and may serve as a future therapeutic target.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.