Volume 11 Supplement 1

7th Congress of International Society of Systemic Auto-Inflammatory Diseases (ISSAID)

Open Access

P02-020 - CAPS in Turkish children: treatment with ANTI IL1

  • FK Kara Eroglu1,
  • N Besbas1,
  • F Ozaltin1,
  • Y Bilginer1,
  • A Duzova1 and
  • S Ozen1
Pediatric Rheumatology201311(Suppl 1):A127

https://doi.org/10.1186/1546-0096-11-S1-A127

Published: 8 November 2013

Introduction

Criyopyrin associated periodic syndrome (CAPS) has a heterogenous presentation and in a number patients mutations can not be found. Here we present our initial results with CAPS patients.

Case report

Results

All of our patients had symptoms within the first 3 months of life. All had fever, urticaria and persistant labaratory inflammation. All except one patient had failure to thrive. Except for the one patient with Muckle Wells syndrome all had neurological features ranging from headache to convulsions, hydrocephalus, cognitive dysfunction.Two patients, one without a mutation, had hearing impairment. Two patients have diarrhea during attacks. All were started on anti IL1 , one patient who did not respond to anakinra was started to canakinumab and on the fourth dose he developed MAS. After MAS was subsided canakinumab was re-started and he continues the drug without further problems. Presently three patients are on anakinra and three are on canakinumab, all with normal acute phases and improved quality of life. One patient has associated Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

Discussion

Conclusions

Anti IL1 treatment is efficacious in CAPS patients. Somatic mutations may enlighten the mutation negative patients. Until then classification criteria are needed to guide pediatricians in diagnosis and treatment.

Disclosure of interest

None declared.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Pediatric Rheumatology Department, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine

References

  1. Sibley Cailin H, Plass Nikki, Snow Joseph: Sustained Response and Prevention of Damage Progression in Patients With Neonatal-Onset Multisystem Inflammatory Disease Treated With Anakinra. A Cohort Study to Determine Three- and Five-Year Outcomes. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 2012, 64 (7): 2375-2386. 10.1002/art.34409.PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Eroglu et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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