Skip to main content

Table 5 Comparison of pain-coping and pain-specific beliefs in children with and without pain in anti-TNF treatment

From: Pain experience in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis treated with anti-TNF agents compared to non-biologic standard treatment

Anti-TNF agents group
  Subgroup with pain (n = 28) Pain-free subgroup (n = 13) Group differences
  Mean (S.D.) Median Mean (S.D.) Median Mann–Whitney U Test p-values Effect sizes ( r)
Pain-coping strategies        
Behavioural distraction 2.94 (0.86) 2.70 3.02 (1.01) 3.40 Z = −0.62 0.54 0.10
Cognitive distraction 3.27 (0.93) 3.30 2.88 (1.03) 3.00 Z = −1.04 0.30 0.16
Positive self statements 2.91 (0.96) 3.10 2.83 (1.19) 2.60 Z = −0.07 0.94 0.01
Catastrophizing 1.99 (0.93) 1.63 1.43 (0.70) 1.20 Z = −2.03 0.04 0.32
Pain-beliefs        
Control 2.84 (0.57) 2.89 2.83 (0.71) 3.00 Z = −0.12 0.91 0.02
Disability 2.69 (0.84) 2.56 1.96 (0.56) 1.89 Z = −2.68 0.007 0.42
Harm 3.38 (0.74) 3.50 2.81 (0.55) 2.83 Z = −2.55 0.01 0.40