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Table 3 Differences in pain and health status of children with pain reported in the pain diary

From: Pain experience in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis treated with anti-TNF agents compared to non-biologic standard treatment

  Standard treatment group (n = 49) Anti-TNF agents group (n = 28) Group-differences
  Mean (S.D.) Median Mean (S.D.) Median Mann–Whitney U-test p-values Effect sizes (r)
Arthritis activity: composite disease activity score 2.90 (2.53) 2.00 0.68 (0.99) 0.00 Z = −3.95 <0.001 0.45
Functional disability: CHAQ dis. index 0.26 (0.38) 0.10 0.27 (0.31) 0.18 Z = −0.95 0.34 0.04
Pain intensity: mean pain diary score 0.88 (0.88) 0.61 1.50 (1.16) 1.34 Z = −2.57 0.01 0.29