Efficacy and safety of tocilizumab (TCZ) in patients with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA): TENDER 52-week data
Pediatric Rheumatology volume 10, Article number: A58 (2012)
Treatment options for sJIA are limited. Excessive IL-6 production has been implicated in several manifestations of this disease. In a previous Japanese study, TCZ, an IL-6 receptor inhibitor, improved arthritis and systemic features of patients with refractory sJIA. We present efficacy and safety of TCZ in patients with active sJIA who were treated for ≥52 wks in the global, 3-part, 5-yr, phase 3, multicenter TENDER study.
Patients (N=112) 2–17 yrs with active sJIA for ≥6 mo and inadequate response to corticosteroids (CS) and NSAIDs were randomized 2:1 to TCZ (8 mg/kg if body weight ≥30 kg; 12 mg/kg if <30 kg) or placebo (control) every 2 wks for 12 wks in part 1; all patients received open-label TCZ at 8 or 12 mg/kg per body weight in part 2. Patients who escaped to open-label TCZ in part 1 also entered part 2. Oral CS tapering was permitted at wks 6 and 8 in part 1 and in the open-label extension in patients with ACR70 response, ESR <20 mm/h, and no fever. Efficacy data are presented for patients who had reached wk 52 of TCZ treatment by May 10, 2010 (n=88); safety data through May 10, 2010 are presented for all patients (n=112). Wk 52 baseline was the first TCZ dose; part 1 placebo patients were re-baselined when they escaped or entered part 2.
Proportions of TCZ patients who achieved JIA ACR30 + absence of fever or JIA ACR70/90 progressively improved from wk 12 to wk 52 (Table). Number (mean±SD) of joints with active arthritis or with limited range of motion decreased from 19.8±15.7 and 19.8±15.6, respectively, at baseline to 3.0±7.0 and 7.5±11.7, respectively, at wk 52, with 45% of patients having 0 active joints. At baseline, 55% of patients (n=62) had fever (temperature ≥37.5°C in the preceding 14 days), while at wk 52 only 9% (n=8) had fever. From baseline to wk 52, improvement in the scores was: CHAQ-DI from 1.7±0.9 to 0.7±0.8; physician global assessment VAS from 64.9±22.3 to 9.7±12.8, and patient/parent global assessment VAS from 58.7±24.4 to 12.6±18.5. There was a marked reduction in CS dose from 0.30±0.20 mg/kg/d at baseline to 0.06±0.08 at wk 52, with 48% having discontinued CS. There were 33 serious AEs (SAEs) in 25 patients; 12 SAEs were considered related (remote, possible, or probable) to TCZ (SAE rate: 0.23/patient year [PY] in part 1, 0.25/PY in part 2). Among the 15 serious infections, 6 were considered related to TCZ; all resolved and none led to study discontinuation. Twelve patients withdrew: 4 because of AEs; 4 because of insufficient response, 3 withdrew consent or did not return, and 1 died of a suspected tension pneumothorax unrelated to treatment.
Year 1 results from this first global phase 3 study demonstrate that TCZ is highly effective and generally well tolerated in patients with sJIA.
Fabrizio De Benedetti: Bristol-Myers Squibb, 5, Hoffmann-La Roche, Inc., 2, 5, Pfizer Inc, 5; Hermine Brunner: Roche , 5; Nicola Ruperto: None; R. Cuttica: None; Clara Malattia: None; Rayfel Schneider: Roche , 5; Patricia Woo: None; Despina Eleftheriou: None; Eileen Baildam: None; Ruben Burgos-Vargas: Abbott Laboratories, 5, 8, Pfizer Inc, 5, 8, Roche , 5, 8, Schering-Plough, 5, 8, Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, 5, 8; Pavla Dolezalova: None; Stella M. Garay: None; Rik Joos: None; Nico Wulffraat: None; Zbyszek Zuber: None; Francesco Zulian: None; Carine Wouters: None; Ricardo M. Xavier: Merck Pharmaceuticals, 8, Pfizer Inc, 5, 8, Roche , 8; Lawrence Zemel: None; Stephen Wright: Roche , 3; Andy Kenwright: Roche , 3; Alberto Martini: None; Daniel Lovell: Roche Diagnostics , 5.
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De Benedetti, F., Brunner, H., Ruperto, N. et al. Efficacy and safety of tocilizumab (TCZ) in patients with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA): TENDER 52-week data. Pediatr Rheumatol 10 (Suppl 1), A58 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1186/1546-0096-10-S1-A58