Volume 10 Supplement 1

2011 Pediatric Rheumatology Symposium: Abstracts

Open Access

Developing consensus treatment plans for proliferative lupus nephritis in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematous

  • Rina Mina5,
  • Hermine Brunner4,
  • Barbara Anne Eberhard6,
  • Marilynn G Punaro10,
  • Stacy P Ardoin12,
  • Marisa S Klein-Gitelman3,
  • Linda Wagner-Weiner11,
  • Lakshmi N Moorthy8,
  • Joyce J Hsu14,
  • Eyal Muscal1,
  • Suhas M Radhakrishna9,
  • Laura E Schanberg7,
  • Carol A Wallace13,
  • Norman T Ilowite2 and
  • Emily Von Scheven15
Pediatric Rheumatology201210(Suppl 1):A31


Published: 13 July 2012


The SLE Subcommittee of the Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) is developing standardized treatment plans for proliferative lupus nephritis (LN) in childhood-onset SLE (cSLE) which will serve as the basis for future comparative effectiveness studies. The Initial Delphi survey revealed wide variability in the treatment of LN in cSLE. This abstract decribes the process of developing standardized evidence-based induction treatment plans for LN in cSLE by using consensus methods.


A consensus conference attended by 12 trainees and 42 voting members of the CARRA SLE Subcommittee was conducted to discuss the components of the LN treatment plan for which there was wide variability and poor agreement. After the face-to-face conference, a second online survey focusing on management aspects of the induction therapy for LN was sent to the 42 voting members of the SLE Subcommittee of CARRA to resolve remaining issues. Consensus was defined at 70%.


At the conference, two immunosuppressive treatment options for the 6-month induction phase, cyclophosphamide and mycophenolate mofetil, were selected. Three steroid regimens (primarily intravenous, primarily oral, or mixed intravenous/oral) with corresponding tapering schedules were developed to reduce variability in steroid exposure [see Figure A] Consensus was attained on: a) inclusion and exclusion criteria; b) primary and secondary outcome measures; and c) time-points for assessing patient response. No consensus was reached on the following points: a) age cut-off for the definition of childhood-onset SLE; b) need for SLE-specific quality of life measure; and c) measures of adherence to be utilized. These are being addressed through subsequent surveys.


Several important consensus points were achieved in the development of induction treatment plans for proliferative lupus nephritis in childhood-onset SLE. Further refinement of these treatment plans and development of plans for maintenance therapy are needed to allow their use in future studies aimed at optimizing therapy for lupus nephritis.


Rina Mina: NIH, 2; Hermine Brunner: NIAMS-NIH, 2; Barbara Anne Eberhard: None; Marilynn G. Punaro: None; Stacy P. Ardoin: None; Marisa S. Klein-Gitelman: None; Linda Wagner-Weiner: None; Lakshmi N. Moorthy: None; Joyce J. Hsu: None; Eyal Muscal: None; Suhas M. Radhakrishna: None; Laura E. Schanberg: Pfizer Inc, 2; Carol A. Wallace: None; Norman T. Ilowite: None; Emily Von Scheven: None.

Authors’ Affiliations

Baylor College of Medicine
Children's Hospital Montefiore
Childrens Memorial Hospital/NW University
Cincinnati Child Hospital Medical Center
Cincinnati Children's Med Ctr
Cohen Children's Hospital Medical Center
Duke University Medical Center
Ohio State University
Seattle Children's Hospital & Regional Medicine
Stanford University
University of CA San Francisco


© Mina et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.