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Table 1 Epidemiology of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis in Africa and Middle East

From: Epidemiology and demographics of juvenile idiopathic arthritis in Africa and Middle East

Sr. No. Reference Region/ Country Prevalence Incidence No. of cases N Classification Criteria Age Range Study Years
Region
1 Usenbo et al., 2015 [10] Africa (0.1-3.43)/100,000(NA) NA NA NA Multiple classification criteria 0-16 1975-2014
Country
2 Khuffash et al., 1988 [13] Kuwait 22/100,000(NA) NA 41 186,363 ACR (for 3 months) 0-11 1978-1987
3 Khuffash et al., 1990 [14] Kuwait 18.7/100,000 (15.3-22.6) 2.8 (2.3-3.4)/100,000 108 JCA 577,540 ACR (for 3 months) 0-11 1981-1988
4 Abdwani et al., 2015 [11] Oman Boys 12/100,000 (NA) 2/100,000 107 JIA 528,480 ILAR 2004 0-13 2004-2013
Girls 28/100,000 (NA)
20/100,000 (NA)
5 Ozen et al., 1998 [15] Turkey 64/100,000 (43-91) NA 30 JCA 46,813 EULAR (for 6 weeks) 0-15 1997
6 El-Soud et al., 2013 [12] Egypt Sharkia Governate, Egypt 3.43/100,000 (3.1–4.3) NA 132 JIA 3,844,718 2004 ILAR 0-15 2009-2010
boys 2.58/100,000 (2.4–3.6)
Girls 4.33/100,000 (3.3–5.1)
7 Singwe-Ngandeu et al., 2013 [16] Cameroon 1/100,000 (0.7-1.3) NA 35 34,782 Not reported NA 2004-2012
8 Tayel et al., 1999 [17] Egypt Alexandria 3.3/100,000 (4-62) NA NA 1500 EULAR 10-15years NA
  1. ACR, American College of Rheumatology Association; EULAR, The European League Against Rheumatism; ILAR, International League of Associations for Rheumatology; JCA, juvenile chronic arthritis; JIA, juvenile idiopathic arthritis; NA, not applicable.