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Table 4 Total, direct, and indirect costs by treatment of JIA

From: Economic impact of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: a systematic review

  Total costsa Direct costsa Indirect costsa
Article Haapasaari, 2004 [26]b Hughes, 2018 [14]c Khatun, 2021 [15] Haapasaari, 2004 [29]b Prince, 2011 [19] Khatun, 2021 [15] Haapasaari, 2004 [26]b Khatun, 2021 [15]
Original currency USD 2000 GBP 2016 INR 2018 USD 2000 EUR 2005 INR 2018 USD 2000 INR 2018
Without biologic therapy 10,721 9,039 200 9,552 4,753 172 1,277 28
With biologic therapy 11,753 23,117 495 11,155 15,949 409 635 86
  1. USD United States dollar, EUR Euro, GBP Great Britain pound, INR Indian rupee
  2. aAdjusted to inflation and converted to US Dollar. Date December 31, 2019
  3. bThis article only reports quarterly costs
  4. cThis article reports costs in an 18-month period