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Table 1 Disease characteristics

From: Paediatric non-infectious uveitis in Cape Town, South Africa: a retrospective review of disease characteristics and outcomes on immunomodulating treatment

Diagnosis JIAU Idiopathic Sarcoidosis Behcet’s Disease
Total N (%)
(CI: 1.4–2.0)
N = 14
(48.3)
N = 12
(41.3)
N = 2
(6.9)
N = 1
(3.5)
No. of affected eyes
(CI: 1.6–1.9)
26 20 4 1
Demographics
 Presentation age (months)
  Median (IQR)
(CI: 62.6–87.8)
55 (34–86) 76.5 (67–85) 102.5 (49–156) 120 (-)
  Female N (%)
(CI: 1.3–1.7)
8 (57.1) 4 (33.3) 2 (100) 0
 Ancestry N (%)
(CI: 1.1–1.6)
  Mixed 10 (71.4) 9 (75) 1 (50) 1 (100)
  Black African 2 (14.3) 2 (16.7) 1 (50) 0
  Caucasian 2 (14.3) 1 (8.3) 0 0
 Anatomical Location
(CI: 1.3–2.2)
  Acute Anterior 0 1 1 0
  Chronic Anterior 14 6 0 1
  Intermediate 0 1 0 0
  Posterior 0  0 1 0
  Panuveitis 0 4 0 0
 Laterality N (%)
  Unilateral 2 4 0 1
  Bilateral 12 8 2 0
 Complications
(CI 1.0–1.9)
  No. affected children (N) 7 9 0 0
  Cataracts 5 9 0 0
  Posterior synechiae 3 3 0 0
  Band Keratopathy 2 2 0 0
  Raised intra- ocular pressure 3 4 0 0
 VA at presentation (Median)
  LogMAR (IQR)
(IQR)
0.1 (0.0–0.3) 0.95 (0.55–2.45) 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 0.3 (−)
 VA at last visit
  Median LogMAR (IQR) 0 (0.0–0.2) 0.3 (0.0–0.6) 0 (0–0) 0.1 (−)
Change in VA: p-value 0.06 0.001
  1. JIAU Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis associated Uveitis, CI 95% confidence interval, VA Visual Acuity, LogMAR Log of minimal angle of resolution, where LogMAR 0.0 ~ Snellen 6/ 6, LogMAR 0.5 ~ Snellen 6/19 and LogMAR 1.0 ~ Snellen 6/60