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Table 3 Predictors of abnormal brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with Parry-Romberg (PRS) and en coup de sabre (ECDS)

From: Magnetic resonance imaging findings in children with Parry-Romberg syndrome and en coup de sabre

  Normal MRI Abnormal MRI p
Patient demographics Disease ECDS 4 2 0.59
ECDS/PRS 3 5
Sex M 4 2 0.59
F 3 5
Additional clinical features Any Any Yes 5 7 0.46
No 2 0
Neurological Any Yes 3 6 0.27
No 4 1
Seizures Yes 1 5 0.1
No 6 2
Headaches Yes 2 2 1
No 5 5
Cranial nerve dysfunction Yes 0 2 0.46
No 7 5
Transient ischaemic attack Yes 0 1 1
No 7 6
Myoclonus Yes 0 1 1
No 7 6
Hyperaesthesia Yes 1 0 1
No 6 7
Gait disturbance Yes 0 1 1
No 7 6
Psychiatric disorder(s) Any Yes 2 2 1
No 5 5
Anxiety Yes 1 1 1
No 6 6
Depression Yes 0 1 1
No 7 6
OCD Yes 0 1 1
No 7 6
Visual hallucinations Yes 1 0 1
No 6 7
Cardiovascular Any Yes 1 1 1
No 6 6
Hypertension Yes 0 1 1
No 7 6
Bicuspid aortic valve Yes 1 0 1
No 6 7
Articular TMJ dysfunction Yes 1 0 1
No 6 7
Muscular Myositis Yes 1 0 1
No 6 7
Laboratory and other investigations Autoantibodies ANA Yes 3 4 1
No 3 2
Anti-smooth muscle Yes 0 1 0.4
No 3 1
RF Yes 0 1 0.33
No 4 1
ENA Yes 0 0 1
No 1 5
dsDNA Yes 0 0 1
No 3 4
Cerebrospinal fluid Inflammatory infiltrate Yes 0 0 1
No 0 3
Neurophysiology EEG abnormality Yes 1 3 1
No 0 1
  1. OCD obsessive compulsive disorder, TMJ temporomandibular joint, ANA antinuclear antibody, RF rheumatoid factor, ENA extractable nuclear antigens, dsDNA double stranded DNA, EEG electroencephalography
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