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Table 3 Participants’ laboratory test results

From: Spectrum of paediatric rheumatic disorders at a tertiary hospital in Tanzania

Laboratory testsNumber (%) / (Min-max)
Antinuclear Antibody
 Positive9 (52.9)
 Negative8 (47.1)
Anti-cytoplasmic antibody
 Negative4 (100)
Anti dsDNA antibody
 Positive5 (55.6)
 Negative4 (44.4)
Anti-Smith Antibody
 Positive1 (50)
 Negative1 (50)
Anti RNP antibody
 Positive1 (50)
 Negative1 (50)
Complement C3 level
 Normal5 (83.3)
 Low1 (16.7)
Complement C4 level
 Normal5 (83.3)
 Low1 (16.7)
C-Reactive Protein
 1–5 ng/ml14 (30.4)
 > 5 ng/ml and above32 (69.6)
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
 1–20 mm in the first hour6 (15)
 > 2034 (85)
Haemoglobin level (d/dL)
 < 1135 (67.3)
 11 and above17 (31.4)
HIV antibody test
 Negative24 (100)
Hepatitis B sAg
 Negative22 (100)
Hepatitis C antibody
 Negative22 (100)
Haemoglobin3.1–15.4
White blood cell count1.2–24.1
Platelet count60–1412
C-reactive Protein0.3–425
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate7–160
Serum creatinine24–1781
Alanine aminotransferase6–165
Aspartate aminotransferase8–321
Lactate dehydrogenase163–1498
Creatinine kinase21–4268
Ferritin17.5–2000