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Table 2 Causes of secondary osteoporosis

From: Expert panel consensus recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of secondary osteoporosis in children

Neuromuscular disorders Cerebral palsy
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Rett syndrome
Myopathies
Diseases resulting in long-term immobilization
Hematological diseases Leukemias
Hemophilia
Thalassemia
Systemic autoimmune diseases Juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus
Juvenile dermatomyositis
Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Systemic sclerosis
Lung diseases Cystic fibrosis
Gastrointestinal diseases Celiac disease
Inflammatory bowel disease
Chronic liver disease
Cow’s milk protein allergy
Renal diseases Nephrotic Syndrome
Chronic renal failure
Psychiatric illnesses Anorexia nervosa
Infectious diseases HIV infection
Immunodeficiencies
Endocrine diseases Delayed puberty
Hypogonadism
Turner syndrome
Klinefelter Syndrome
Growth hormone deficiency
Acromegaly
Hyperthyroidism
Diabetes
Hyperprolactinemia
Cushing syndrome
Adrenal insufficiency
Hyperparathyroidism
Vitamin D metabolism disorders
Inborn errors of metabolism Glycogen storage disease
Galactosemia
Gaucher disease
Skin conditions Epidermolysis bullosa
Iatrogenesis Systemic glucocorticoids
Cyclosporine
Methotrexate
Heparin
Anticonvulsants
Radiation therapy