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Table 1 Study Measures

From: Suicidal risk and resilience in juvenile fibromyalgia syndrome: a cross-sectional cohort study

Domain Measure Details Scoring
Anxiety Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children, 2nd Edition (MASC-2) [28,29,30] Assessment of anxiety symptoms in youth ages 8–19 years T-scores ≥60 indicate increased likelihood of at least one anxiety disorder in the subject.
Cognitive Function The PedsQL Cognitive Functioning Scale [31,32,33] Subscale of the PedsQL Multidimensional Fatigue Scale. Assesses cognitive functioning. The questions are answered on a Likert scale (0–100), with higher scores indicating better health related quality of life (fewer cognitive problems).
Depression Children’s Depression Inventory, 2nd Edition (CDI-2) [34] Assessment of depressive symptoms in children ages 7–17 years T-scores ≥65 identify potentially clinically depressed individuals.
Executive Function Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function, 2nd Edition (BRIEF-2) [35] Assessment of children’s executive function. Captures children’s views of their own executive functions, or self-regulation, in their everyday environment. T scores from 60 to 64 are considered mildly elevated, and T scores from 65 to 69 are considered potentially clinically elevated.
Fatigue The PedsQL Multidimensional Fatigue Scale [33] The scale assesses multidimensional fatigue through 3 dimensions: general, sleep/rest, and cognitive fatigue. The 5-point Likert-type scale is transformed to a 0 to 100 scale. A higher score indicates less symptoms of fatigue.
HRQoL The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Pediatric Global Health (PGH-7) Measure [36, 37] Summary assessment of a child’s health representing an individual’s overall assessment of their health, focusing on physical, mental and social health components. Raw scores are converted to T-score values with a mean score of 50 (standard deviation of 10).
Resilience 14-Item Resilience Scale (RS-14) [38,39,40,41] Assess personal resilience, focusing on domains of purpose, perseverance, self-reliance, equanimity and authenticity. Scores range from 14 to 98 with a higher score indicating greater resilience.
  1. PedsQL Pediatric Quality of Life, HRQoL Health-related quality of life