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Table 2 Positivity according the criteria of the Hocevar score in three different groups in diagnostic workup

From: Salivary gland ultrasound in the diagnostic workup of juvenile Sjögren’s syndrome and mixed connective tissue disease

CriterionpSS (n = 9)sSS (n = 6) othersSS (n = 10) MCTDAll (n = 25)Healthy
control, (n = 25)
Decrease in echogenity3 (33.3%)3 (50%)2 (20%)8 (32%)0
Inhomogenous parenchyma9 (100%)6 (100%)9 (90%)24 (96%)7 (28%)
Hypoechoic areas9 (100%)6 (100%)9 (90%)24 (96%)4 (16%)
Hyperechoic reflexes7 (77.7%)6 (100%)8 (80%)21 (84%)1 (4%)
Disturbed border4 (44.4%)2 (33.3%)1 (10%)7 (28%)0
Hocevar sums26 (mean)
17–40(range)
12.8 (mean)
4–24(range)
19.7 (mean)
6–29(range)
20.3 (mean)
4–40(range)
0.8 (mean)
0–4(range)
Patients score > 17 (%)9 (100%)2 (33%)8 (80%)19 (76%)0