Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic data and patient-reported health characteristics

From: Oral health and plaque microbial profile in juvenile idiopathic arthritis

 Healthy Controls
(N = 11)
Dental Cases
(N = 62)
JIA Cases
(N = 85)
P-Value
aAge (yrs.), mean (SD)14.0 (2.4)15.1 (2.3)14.0 (2.2)0.01
aFemale Gender, n (%)2 (18.2%)39 (62.9%)69 (81.2%)< 0.001
aCaucasian race, n (%)11 (100.0%)33 (54.1%)65 (78.3%)0.03
aHousehold income >$100,000, n (%)9 (81.8%)6 (10.3%)24 (30.8%)<  0.001
aParental Education >college, n (%)8 (72.7%)5 (8.3%)18 (22.2%)< 0.001
Braces, n (%)1 (9.1%)24 (38.7%)20 (23.8%)0.06
Gums bleed, n (%)8 (72.7%)26 (41.9%)38 (45.2%)0.19
Jaw pain, n (%)2 (18.2%)19 (30.6%)33 (39.3%)0.30
Tooth pain, n (%)4 (36.4%)22 (35.5%)22 (26.2%)0.41
Mouth breather, n (%)2 (18.2%)18 (29.0%)29 (34.5%)0.57
Patient smoking
aEver smoked, n (%)0 (0.0%)9 (14.5%)0 (0.0%)<  0.01
 Smoke currently, n (%)0 (0.0%)4 (6.5%)0 (0.0%)0.06
bChronic smoker, n (%)0 (0.0%)2 (3.2%)0 (0.0%)0.29
Household smoking
aSmoke currently, n (%)0 (0.0%)20 (32.2%)11 (12.9%)< 0.01
bChronic smoker, n (%)3 (27.3%)29 (46.8%)30 (35.3%)0.27
  1. JIA Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
  2. aCharacteristics that were statistically different between groups (P < 0.05)
  3. bChronic smoking was defined as ever having smoked ≥100 cigarettes