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Table 5 Echocardiographic features in the PULSE cohort compared to pSLE patients in the USA

From: Pediatric systemic lupus erythematosus patients in South Africa have high prevalence and severity of cardiac and vascular manifestations

  PULSE subgroup who underwent echocardiography (n = 23) Total cohort (n = 93) Chang et al. (n = 297)
Reduced LVEF % (n) 13 (3) 3.2 (3) NR
Markedly reduced LVEF % 2.2 (1) 1 (1) NR
Left ventricular hypertrophy % (n) 39 (9) 9.8 (9) NR
Right ventricular hypertrophy % (n) 13 (3) 3.2 (3) NR
Right ventricular dilation % (n) 9 (2) 2.1 (2) NR
Cardiomyopathy % (n) 4 (1) 1.1 (1) NR
Effusion % (n) 65 (15) 16.1 (15) 10.4 (31)
Tamponade 6.7 (3) 3.2 (3) 0.7 (2)
Effusion requiring intervention % (n) 30 (7) 7.5 (7) 1.5 (4)
Valvular dysfunction % (n) 44 (10) 10.8 (10) 9.1 (27)
Aortic regurgitation % (n) 4 (1) 1.1 (1) NR
Pulmonary regurgitation % (n) 4 (1) 1.1 (1) NR
Tricuspid regurgitation % (n) 4 (1) 1.1 (1) NR
Mitral regurgitation % (n) 4 (1) 1.1 (1) NR
Multiple valves % (n) 26 (6) 6.4 (6) NR
Severe valvular dysfunction % (n) 26 (6) 6.4 (6) NR
  1. NR Not Recorded