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Table 3 Cardiac manifestations in the PULSE cohort

From: Pediatric systemic lupus erythematosus patients in South Africa have high prevalence and severity of cardiac and vascular manifestations

  PULSE cohort cardiac subgroup (n = 29) Total PULSE cohort (n = 93) Chang et al. (n = 297)
Any cardiac manifestation % (n) 100.0 (29) 31.2 (29) 17.8 (53)
Echocardiographicanalysis available % (n) 79.3 (23) 24.5 (23) NR
Pericardial effusion % (n) 82.8 (24) 25.8 (24) 10.4 (31)
Pericardiocentesis % (n) 27.6 (8) 8.6 (8) 1.5 (4)
Cardiac failure % (n) 27.6 (8) 8.6 (8) NR
Cardiomyopathy % (n) 17.2 (5) 5.4 (5) NR
Endocarditis % (n) 0 0 1.0 (3)
  1. PULSE Pediatric Update on Lupus in South Africa, NR Not Recorded