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Table 4 Prevalence of latent RHD and Bivariate and Multivariate Logistic Regression Analysis to assess risk factors associated with latent RHD (analysis after retest of the positive screening)

From: Screening of asymptomatic rheumatic heart disease among refugee/migrant children and youths in Italy

  Number *Prevalence ‰ Multivariate Analysis P value Odds Ratio (CI 95%)
Borderline RHD
Total 122/653 186.8‰   
Age Category
• < 12 0/1 0   
• 12–15 25/111 225.2‰ 0.2  
• 16–18 95/527 180.3‰ 0.2  
• > 19 2/14 142.9‰   
Origin
• North Africa 79/442 178.7‰ 0.9  
• West Africa 29/136 213.2‰ 0.6  
• East Africa 10/49 204.1‰ 0.9  
• South Asia 4/26 153.8‰ 0.5  
Systolic Murmur among Borderline RHD 74   < 0.001 4.3 (2.8-6.5)
NHS Coverage among Borderline RHD 36   0.2  
Past history of Fever/Sore Throat among Borderline RHD 85   0.3  
Past Hospitalization among Borderline RHD 1   0.3  
Definite RHD
Total 17/653 26.0‰   
Age category
• < 12 0/1 0   
• 12–15 2/111 18.0‰ 0.3  
• 16–18 15/527 28.5‰   
• > 19 0/14 0   
Origin
• North Africa 9/442 20.4‰ 0.8  
• West Africa 5/136 36.7‰ 0.5  
• East Africa 1/49 20.4‰ 0.9  
• South Asia 2/26 76.9‰ 0.1  
Systolic Murmur among Definite RHD 12   < 0.001 5.2 (1.7-15.2)
NHS Coverage among Definite RHD 5   0.9  
Past history of Fever/sore throat among Definite RHD 10   0.8  
Past Hospitalization among Definite RHD 0   0.1